Why are some academic fields tipping toward female? The sex composition of U.S. fields of doctoral degree receipt, 1971-2002

Paula England, Paul Allison, Su Li, Noah Mark, Jennifer Thompson, Michelle J. Budig, Han Sun

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    Using data on the number of men and women who received doctorates in all academic fields from 1971 to 2002, the authors examine changes in the sex composition of fields. During this period, the proportion of women who received doctorates increased dramatically from 14 percent to 46 percent. Regression models with fixed effects indicate no evidence that fields with declining relative salaries deter the entry of men, as would be predicted by the queuing theory of Reskin and Roos. Consistent with the devaluation perspective and Schelling's tipping model, above a certain percentage of women, men are deterred from entering fields by the fields' further feminization. However, the rank order of fields in the percentage of women changed only slightly over time, implying that, to a large extent, men and women continued to choose fields as before, even when many more women received doctorates. The findings on the effects of feminization on salaries are mixed.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)23-42
    Number of pages20
    JournalSociology of Education
    Volume80
    Issue number1
    StatePublished - Jan 2007

    Fingerprint

    salary
    devaluation
    regression
    evidence
    time

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Education
    • Sociology and Political Science

    Cite this

    England, P., Allison, P., Li, S., Mark, N., Thompson, J., Budig, M. J., & Sun, H. (2007). Why are some academic fields tipping toward female? The sex composition of U.S. fields of doctoral degree receipt, 1971-2002. Sociology of Education, 80(1), 23-42.

    Why are some academic fields tipping toward female? The sex composition of U.S. fields of doctoral degree receipt, 1971-2002. / England, Paula; Allison, Paul; Li, Su; Mark, Noah; Thompson, Jennifer; Budig, Michelle J.; Sun, Han.

    In: Sociology of Education, Vol. 80, No. 1, 01.2007, p. 23-42.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    England, P, Allison, P, Li, S, Mark, N, Thompson, J, Budig, MJ & Sun, H 2007, 'Why are some academic fields tipping toward female? The sex composition of U.S. fields of doctoral degree receipt, 1971-2002', Sociology of Education, vol. 80, no. 1, pp. 23-42.
    England, Paula ; Allison, Paul ; Li, Su ; Mark, Noah ; Thompson, Jennifer ; Budig, Michelle J. ; Sun, Han. / Why are some academic fields tipping toward female? The sex composition of U.S. fields of doctoral degree receipt, 1971-2002. In: Sociology of Education. 2007 ; Vol. 80, No. 1. pp. 23-42.
    @article{628333ff03944301836697a0dd4c5244,
    title = "Why are some academic fields tipping toward female? The sex composition of U.S. fields of doctoral degree receipt, 1971-2002",
    abstract = "Using data on the number of men and women who received doctorates in all academic fields from 1971 to 2002, the authors examine changes in the sex composition of fields. During this period, the proportion of women who received doctorates increased dramatically from 14 percent to 46 percent. Regression models with fixed effects indicate no evidence that fields with declining relative salaries deter the entry of men, as would be predicted by the queuing theory of Reskin and Roos. Consistent with the devaluation perspective and Schelling's tipping model, above a certain percentage of women, men are deterred from entering fields by the fields' further feminization. However, the rank order of fields in the percentage of women changed only slightly over time, implying that, to a large extent, men and women continued to choose fields as before, even when many more women received doctorates. The findings on the effects of feminization on salaries are mixed.",
    author = "Paula England and Paul Allison and Su Li and Noah Mark and Jennifer Thompson and Budig, {Michelle J.} and Han Sun",
    year = "2007",
    month = "1",
    language = "English (US)",
    volume = "80",
    pages = "23--42",
    journal = "Sociology of Education",
    issn = "0038-0407",
    publisher = "SAGE Publications Inc.",
    number = "1",

    }

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Why are some academic fields tipping toward female? The sex composition of U.S. fields of doctoral degree receipt, 1971-2002

    AU - England, Paula

    AU - Allison, Paul

    AU - Li, Su

    AU - Mark, Noah

    AU - Thompson, Jennifer

    AU - Budig, Michelle J.

    AU - Sun, Han

    PY - 2007/1

    Y1 - 2007/1

    N2 - Using data on the number of men and women who received doctorates in all academic fields from 1971 to 2002, the authors examine changes in the sex composition of fields. During this period, the proportion of women who received doctorates increased dramatically from 14 percent to 46 percent. Regression models with fixed effects indicate no evidence that fields with declining relative salaries deter the entry of men, as would be predicted by the queuing theory of Reskin and Roos. Consistent with the devaluation perspective and Schelling's tipping model, above a certain percentage of women, men are deterred from entering fields by the fields' further feminization. However, the rank order of fields in the percentage of women changed only slightly over time, implying that, to a large extent, men and women continued to choose fields as before, even when many more women received doctorates. The findings on the effects of feminization on salaries are mixed.

    AB - Using data on the number of men and women who received doctorates in all academic fields from 1971 to 2002, the authors examine changes in the sex composition of fields. During this period, the proportion of women who received doctorates increased dramatically from 14 percent to 46 percent. Regression models with fixed effects indicate no evidence that fields with declining relative salaries deter the entry of men, as would be predicted by the queuing theory of Reskin and Roos. Consistent with the devaluation perspective and Schelling's tipping model, above a certain percentage of women, men are deterred from entering fields by the fields' further feminization. However, the rank order of fields in the percentage of women changed only slightly over time, implying that, to a large extent, men and women continued to choose fields as before, even when many more women received doctorates. The findings on the effects of feminization on salaries are mixed.

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=34247543911&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=34247543911&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    M3 - Article

    AN - SCOPUS:34247543911

    VL - 80

    SP - 23

    EP - 42

    JO - Sociology of Education

    JF - Sociology of Education

    SN - 0038-0407

    IS - 1

    ER -