Who wants to forgive and forget? Transitional justice preferences in postwar Burundi

Cyrus Samii

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    While transitional justice interventions are common in current post-conflict transitions, recent surveys in such settings suggest that public opinions often vary in their levels of support for such policies. Understanding such opinions is crucial for designing post-conflict policies that properly reflect public interests. This study uses original survey data from Burundi to interpret public opinions toward transitional justice policies in a post-civil war context. The data reveal a great deal of wariness among Burundians toward punishing human rights offenders or seeking the truth about the past. Why would large numbers of those entitled to accountability and truth express a preference to 'forgive and forget'? This question is addressed by focusing on two important features of post-conflict settings - namely (1) uncertainty about the potential for renewed violence and (2) intense competition over how the postwar balance of power should be institutionalized. Findings suggest that the latter feature is indeed crucial: deep partisan motivations associated primarily with ethnicity, and to a lesser extent region, are key determinants of expressed desires to forgive and forget. A reasonable interpretation is that a sense of political gain may compensate for debts owed due to past abuses and induce a preference to avoid the pursuit of truth or punishment lest the political gains somehow be threatened. The conclusion draws out implications for policy and further research.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)219-233
    Number of pages15
    JournalJournal of Peace Research
    Volume50
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    StatePublished - 2013

    Fingerprint

    Burundi
    justice
    public opinion
    balance of power
    public interest
    civil war
    indebtedness
    offender
    penalty
    human rights
    abuse
    ethnicity
    uncertainty
    determinants
    violence
    responsibility
    interpretation
    Violence
    Uncertainty

    Keywords

    • Burundi
    • civil war
    • transitional justice

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Political Science and International Relations
    • Sociology and Political Science
    • Safety Research

    Cite this

    Who wants to forgive and forget? Transitional justice preferences in postwar Burundi. / Samii, Cyrus.

    In: Journal of Peace Research, Vol. 50, No. 2, 2013, p. 219-233.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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