Who develops PTSD from motor vehicle accidents?

Edward B. Blanchard, Edward J. Hickling, Ann E. Taylor, Warren R. Loos, Catherine A. Forneris, James Jaccard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Within 1 to 4 months of their motor vehicle accident (MVA), we assessed 158 MVA victims who sought medical attention as a result of the MVA. Using the Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale (CAPS: Blake, Weathers, Nagy, Kaloupek, Klauminzer, Charney & Keane, 1990. National Center for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, Boston, MA)., we found that 62 (39%) met DSM-III-R (American Psychiatric Association, 1987. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Press) criteria for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder. Using variables from the victim's account of the accident and its sequelae, pre-MVA psychosocial functioning, demographic variables, pre-MVA psychopathology and degree of physical injury, we found that 70% of the subjects could be classified as PTSD or not with 4 variables: prior major depression, fear of dying in the MVA, extent of physical injury and whether litigation had been initiated. Using multiple regression to predict the continuous variable of total CAPS score, as a measure of post-trauma tic stress symptoms, we found that 8 variables combined to predict 38.1% of variance (Multiple R = 0.617).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalBehaviour Research and Therapy
Volume34
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1996

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Motor Vehicles
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorders
Accidents
Wounds and Injuries
Tics
Weather
Jurisprudence
Psychopathology
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
Fear
Psychiatry
Demography
Depression

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Clinical Psychology

Cite this

Blanchard, E. B., Hickling, E. J., Taylor, A. E., Loos, W. R., Forneris, C. A., & Jaccard, J. (1996). Who develops PTSD from motor vehicle accidents? Behaviour Research and Therapy, 34(1), 1-10.

Who develops PTSD from motor vehicle accidents? / Blanchard, Edward B.; Hickling, Edward J.; Taylor, Ann E.; Loos, Warren R.; Forneris, Catherine A.; Jaccard, James.

In: Behaviour Research and Therapy, Vol. 34, No. 1, 1996, p. 1-10.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Blanchard, EB, Hickling, EJ, Taylor, AE, Loos, WR, Forneris, CA & Jaccard, J 1996, 'Who develops PTSD from motor vehicle accidents?', Behaviour Research and Therapy, vol. 34, no. 1, pp. 1-10.
Blanchard EB, Hickling EJ, Taylor AE, Loos WR, Forneris CA, Jaccard J. Who develops PTSD from motor vehicle accidents? Behaviour Research and Therapy. 1996;34(1):1-10.
Blanchard, Edward B. ; Hickling, Edward J. ; Taylor, Ann E. ; Loos, Warren R. ; Forneris, Catherine A. ; Jaccard, James. / Who develops PTSD from motor vehicle accidents?. In: Behaviour Research and Therapy. 1996 ; Vol. 34, No. 1. pp. 1-10.
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