Which American way? System justification and ideological polarization concerning the “Ground Zero Mosque”

H. Hannah Nam, John Jost

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The proposal to build an Islamic mosque and community center near the site of the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001 on the World Trade Center produced widespread opposition. Although resistance among U.S. citizens was common, there was an ideological divergence, with liberals generally supporting the mosque and conservatives generally opposing it. We tested a theoretical model in which system justification mediated the effect of political ideology on level of support for the development of the “Ground Zero Mosque.” Specifically, we conducted a survey of Americans near the site of the proposed mosque, and observed that, as hypothesized, greater conservatism was associated with stronger system justification, which was in turn associated with a lack of behavioral support for the mosque. These findings suggest that ideological differences in opposition to the “Ground Zero Mosque” are linked to system-justifying tendencies to preserve the American. “way of life”.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)552-559
Number of pages8
JournalGroup Processes and Intergroup Relations
Volume17
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014

Fingerprint

September 11 Terrorist Attacks
mosque
Politics
polarization
Theoretical Models
Polarization
opposition
community center
US citizen
political ideology
September 11, 2001
conservatism
way of life
world trade
divergence
Surveys and Questionnaires
Mosque
Justification
lack

Keywords

  • ideological polarization
  • political ideology
  • resistance to change
  • system justification
  • “Ground Zero Mosque”

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Cultural Studies
  • Communication
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Sociology and Political Science

Cite this

Which American way? System justification and ideological polarization concerning the “Ground Zero Mosque”. / Nam, H. Hannah; Jost, John.

In: Group Processes and Intergroup Relations, Vol. 17, No. 4, 2014, p. 552-559.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{60eb92df861947cb8ec5dc126bb49c13,
title = "Which American way? System justification and ideological polarization concerning the “Ground Zero Mosque”",
abstract = "The proposal to build an Islamic mosque and community center near the site of the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001 on the World Trade Center produced widespread opposition. Although resistance among U.S. citizens was common, there was an ideological divergence, with liberals generally supporting the mosque and conservatives generally opposing it. We tested a theoretical model in which system justification mediated the effect of political ideology on level of support for the development of the “Ground Zero Mosque.” Specifically, we conducted a survey of Americans near the site of the proposed mosque, and observed that, as hypothesized, greater conservatism was associated with stronger system justification, which was in turn associated with a lack of behavioral support for the mosque. These findings suggest that ideological differences in opposition to the “Ground Zero Mosque” are linked to system-justifying tendencies to preserve the American. “way of life”.",
keywords = "ideological polarization, political ideology, resistance to change, system justification, “Ground Zero Mosque”",
author = "Nam, {H. Hannah} and John Jost",
year = "2014",
doi = "10.1177/1368430214523151",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "17",
pages = "552--559",
journal = "Group Processes and Intergroup Relations",
issn = "1368-4302",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Ltd",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Which American way? System justification and ideological polarization concerning the “Ground Zero Mosque”

AU - Nam, H. Hannah

AU - Jost, John

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - The proposal to build an Islamic mosque and community center near the site of the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001 on the World Trade Center produced widespread opposition. Although resistance among U.S. citizens was common, there was an ideological divergence, with liberals generally supporting the mosque and conservatives generally opposing it. We tested a theoretical model in which system justification mediated the effect of political ideology on level of support for the development of the “Ground Zero Mosque.” Specifically, we conducted a survey of Americans near the site of the proposed mosque, and observed that, as hypothesized, greater conservatism was associated with stronger system justification, which was in turn associated with a lack of behavioral support for the mosque. These findings suggest that ideological differences in opposition to the “Ground Zero Mosque” are linked to system-justifying tendencies to preserve the American. “way of life”.

AB - The proposal to build an Islamic mosque and community center near the site of the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001 on the World Trade Center produced widespread opposition. Although resistance among U.S. citizens was common, there was an ideological divergence, with liberals generally supporting the mosque and conservatives generally opposing it. We tested a theoretical model in which system justification mediated the effect of political ideology on level of support for the development of the “Ground Zero Mosque.” Specifically, we conducted a survey of Americans near the site of the proposed mosque, and observed that, as hypothesized, greater conservatism was associated with stronger system justification, which was in turn associated with a lack of behavioral support for the mosque. These findings suggest that ideological differences in opposition to the “Ground Zero Mosque” are linked to system-justifying tendencies to preserve the American. “way of life”.

KW - ideological polarization

KW - political ideology

KW - resistance to change

KW - system justification

KW - “Ground Zero Mosque”

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84993723062&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84993723062&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/1368430214523151

DO - 10.1177/1368430214523151

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84993723062

VL - 17

SP - 552

EP - 559

JO - Group Processes and Intergroup Relations

JF - Group Processes and Intergroup Relations

SN - 1368-4302

IS - 4

ER -