When Is Research Good Evidence? Issues in Reading Research

Jeane W. Anastas

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    Although using published research is only one part of the evidence-based practice process, clinical social workers more often doubt their abilities in this area than in client assessment or in the individualizing of treatment approaches to fit client preferences, values and resources. This article reviews the nature of research and the reason it is often a preferred source of information; common flaws to watch for in published research; types of research studies and how different kinds of studies are viewed by those interested in treatment outcome research; and the elements of a published research report that must be considered when deciding on its usefulness for decision-making about practice. It will also include discussion of the controversies that surround these topics, which are significant. While readers will have been introduced to these topics in their professional education, when knowledge is not used it is often not well-remembered. Few clinicians find that reading, assessing, or conducting research is part of their daily work, which is one reason why the discussion of evidence-based practice and other approaches to the use of research in clinical practice can be anxiety-provoking. This "refresher" emphasizes that critical thinking skills, which clinicians often have in abundance, are the single most important element in using research to inform practice.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)107-115
    Number of pages9
    JournalClinical Social Work Journal
    Volume42
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Jan 1 2014

    Fingerprint

    Reading
    Research
    evidence
    Evidence-Based Practice
    Professional Education
    Aptitude
    source of information
    Decision Making
    Anxiety
    social worker
    Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
    anxiety
    decision making
    ability
    resources
    Values
    education

    Keywords

    • Clinical thinking
    • Evidence supported treatments
    • Reading research
    • Scientific thinking
    • Social work practice

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Health(social science)
    • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

    Cite this

    When Is Research Good Evidence? Issues in Reading Research. / Anastas, Jeane W.

    In: Clinical Social Work Journal, Vol. 42, No. 2, 01.01.2014, p. 107-115.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Anastas, Jeane W. / When Is Research Good Evidence? Issues in Reading Research. In: Clinical Social Work Journal. 2014 ; Vol. 42, No. 2. pp. 107-115.
    @article{0f213e5144d947cfa1ffa9e22a7c059d,
    title = "When Is Research Good Evidence? Issues in Reading Research",
    abstract = "Although using published research is only one part of the evidence-based practice process, clinical social workers more often doubt their abilities in this area than in client assessment or in the individualizing of treatment approaches to fit client preferences, values and resources. This article reviews the nature of research and the reason it is often a preferred source of information; common flaws to watch for in published research; types of research studies and how different kinds of studies are viewed by those interested in treatment outcome research; and the elements of a published research report that must be considered when deciding on its usefulness for decision-making about practice. It will also include discussion of the controversies that surround these topics, which are significant. While readers will have been introduced to these topics in their professional education, when knowledge is not used it is often not well-remembered. Few clinicians find that reading, assessing, or conducting research is part of their daily work, which is one reason why the discussion of evidence-based practice and other approaches to the use of research in clinical practice can be anxiety-provoking. This {"}refresher{"} emphasizes that critical thinking skills, which clinicians often have in abundance, are the single most important element in using research to inform practice.",
    keywords = "Clinical thinking, Evidence supported treatments, Reading research, Scientific thinking, Social work practice",
    author = "Anastas, {Jeane W.}",
    year = "2014",
    month = "1",
    day = "1",
    doi = "10.1007/s10615-013-0452-3",
    language = "English (US)",
    volume = "42",
    pages = "107--115",
    journal = "Clinical Social Work Journal",
    issn = "0091-1674",
    publisher = "Kluwer Academic/Human Sciences Press Inc.",
    number = "2",

    }

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - When Is Research Good Evidence? Issues in Reading Research

    AU - Anastas, Jeane W.

    PY - 2014/1/1

    Y1 - 2014/1/1

    N2 - Although using published research is only one part of the evidence-based practice process, clinical social workers more often doubt their abilities in this area than in client assessment or in the individualizing of treatment approaches to fit client preferences, values and resources. This article reviews the nature of research and the reason it is often a preferred source of information; common flaws to watch for in published research; types of research studies and how different kinds of studies are viewed by those interested in treatment outcome research; and the elements of a published research report that must be considered when deciding on its usefulness for decision-making about practice. It will also include discussion of the controversies that surround these topics, which are significant. While readers will have been introduced to these topics in their professional education, when knowledge is not used it is often not well-remembered. Few clinicians find that reading, assessing, or conducting research is part of their daily work, which is one reason why the discussion of evidence-based practice and other approaches to the use of research in clinical practice can be anxiety-provoking. This "refresher" emphasizes that critical thinking skills, which clinicians often have in abundance, are the single most important element in using research to inform practice.

    AB - Although using published research is only one part of the evidence-based practice process, clinical social workers more often doubt their abilities in this area than in client assessment or in the individualizing of treatment approaches to fit client preferences, values and resources. This article reviews the nature of research and the reason it is often a preferred source of information; common flaws to watch for in published research; types of research studies and how different kinds of studies are viewed by those interested in treatment outcome research; and the elements of a published research report that must be considered when deciding on its usefulness for decision-making about practice. It will also include discussion of the controversies that surround these topics, which are significant. While readers will have been introduced to these topics in their professional education, when knowledge is not used it is often not well-remembered. Few clinicians find that reading, assessing, or conducting research is part of their daily work, which is one reason why the discussion of evidence-based practice and other approaches to the use of research in clinical practice can be anxiety-provoking. This "refresher" emphasizes that critical thinking skills, which clinicians often have in abundance, are the single most important element in using research to inform practice.

    KW - Clinical thinking

    KW - Evidence supported treatments

    KW - Reading research

    KW - Scientific thinking

    KW - Social work practice

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84899987490&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84899987490&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    U2 - 10.1007/s10615-013-0452-3

    DO - 10.1007/s10615-013-0452-3

    M3 - Article

    AN - SCOPUS:84899987490

    VL - 42

    SP - 107

    EP - 115

    JO - Clinical Social Work Journal

    JF - Clinical Social Work Journal

    SN - 0091-1674

    IS - 2

    ER -