When Britain turned inward: The impact of interwar British protection

Alan De Bromhead, Alan Fernihough, Markus Lampe, Kevin O'Rourke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


International trade collapsed, and also became much less multilateral, during the 1930s. Previous studies, looking at aggregate trade flows, have argued that trade policies had relatively little to do with either phenomenon. Using a new dataset incorporating highly disaggregated information on the United Kingdom's imports and trade policies, we find that while conventional wisdom is correct regarding the impact of trade policy on the total value of British imports, discriminatory trade policies can explain the majority of Britain's shift toward Imperial imports in the 1930s.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)325-352
Number of pages28
JournalAmerican Economic Review
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 1 2019


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Economics and Econometrics

Cite this

De Bromhead, A., Fernihough, A., Lampe, M., & O'Rourke, K. (2019). When Britain turned inward: The impact of interwar British protection. American Economic Review, 109(2), 325-352. https://doi.org/10.1257/aer.20172020