When attention is intact in adults with ADHD

Mariel Roberts, Brandon K. Ashinoff, F. Xavier Castellanos, Marisa Carrasco-Queijeiro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Is covert visuospatial attention—selective processing of information in the absence of eye movements—preserved in adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)? Previous findings are inconclusive due to inconsistent terminology and suboptimal methodology. To settle this question, we used well-established spatial cueing protocols to investigate the perceptual effects of voluntary and involuntary attention on an orientation discrimination task for a group of adults with ADHD and their neurotypical age-matched and gender-matched controls. In both groups, voluntary attention significantly improved accuracy and decreased reaction times at the relevant location, but impaired accuracy and slowed reaction times at irrelevant locations, relative to a distributed attention condition. Likewise, involuntary attention improved accuracy and speeded responses. Critically, the magnitudes of all these orienting and reorienting attention effects were indistinguishable between groups. Thus, these counterintuitive findings indicate that spatial covert attention remains functionally intact in adults with ADHD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-12
Number of pages12
JournalPsychonomic Bulletin and Review
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Nov 27 2017

Fingerprint

Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity
Reaction Time
Automatic Data Processing
Terminology
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
Involuntary

Keywords

  • ADHD
  • Microsaccades
  • Orienting
  • Performance fields
  • Reorienting
  • Selective attention
  • Visual perception

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Roberts, M., Ashinoff, B. K., Castellanos, F. X., & Carrasco-Queijeiro, M. (Accepted/In press). When attention is intact in adults with ADHD. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, 1-12. https://doi.org/10.3758/s13423-017-1407-4

When attention is intact in adults with ADHD. / Roberts, Mariel; Ashinoff, Brandon K.; Castellanos, F. Xavier; Carrasco-Queijeiro, Marisa.

In: Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, 27.11.2017, p. 1-12.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Roberts, M, Ashinoff, BK, Castellanos, FX & Carrasco-Queijeiro, M 2017, 'When attention is intact in adults with ADHD', Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, pp. 1-12. https://doi.org/10.3758/s13423-017-1407-4
Roberts M, Ashinoff BK, Castellanos FX, Carrasco-Queijeiro M. When attention is intact in adults with ADHD. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review. 2017 Nov 27;1-12. https://doi.org/10.3758/s13423-017-1407-4
Roberts, Mariel ; Ashinoff, Brandon K. ; Castellanos, F. Xavier ; Carrasco-Queijeiro, Marisa. / When attention is intact in adults with ADHD. In: Psychonomic Bulletin and Review. 2017 ; pp. 1-12.
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