Welfare reform and political theory

Lawrence Mead, Christopher Beem

    Research output: Book/ReportBook

    Abstract

    During the 1990s, both the United States and Britain shifted from entitlement to work-based systems for supporting their poor citizens. Much research has examined the implications of welfare reform for the economic well-being of the poor, but the new legislation also affects our view of democracy-and how it ought to function. By eliminating entitlement and setting behavioral conditions on aid, welfare reform challenges our understanding of citizenship, political equality, and the role of the state. In Welfare Reform and Political Theory, editors Lawrence Mead and Christopher Beem have assembled an accomplished list of political theorists, social policy experts, and legal scholars to address how welfare reform has affected core concepts of political theory and our understanding of democracy itself. Welfare Reform and Political Theory is unified by a common set of questions. The contributors come from across the political spectrum, each bringing different perspectives to bear. Carole Pateman argues that welfare reform has compromised the very tenets of democracy by tying the idea of citizenship to participation in the marketplace. But William Galston writes that American citizenship has in some respects always been conditioned on good behavior; work requirements continue that tradition by promoting individual responsibility and self-reliance-values essential to a well-functioning democracy. Desmond King suggests that work requirements draw invidious distinctions among citizens and therefore destroy political equality. Amy Wax, on the other hand, contends that ending entitlement does not harm notions of equality, but promotes them, by ensuring that no one is rewarded for idleness. Christopher Beem argues that entitlement welfare served a social function-acknowledging the social value of care-that has been lost in the movement towards conditional benefits. Stuart White writes that work requirements can be accepted only subject to certain conditions, while Lawrence Mead argues that concerns about justice must be addressed only after recipients are working. Alan Deacon is well to the left of Joel Schartz, but both say government may actively promote virtue through social policy - a stance some other contributors reject. The move to work-centered welfare in the 1990s represented not just a change in government policy, but a philosophical change in the way people perceived government, its functions, and its relationship with citizens. Welfare Reform and Political Theory offers a long overdue theoretical reexamination of democracy and citizenship in a workfare society.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    PublisherRussell Sage Foundation
    Number of pages284
    ISBN (Print)0871545950, 9780871545886
    StatePublished - 2007

    Fingerprint

    political theory
    welfare
    reform
    democracy
    citizenship
    equality
    citizen
    government function
    deacon
    workfare
    social function
    government policy
    Values
    recipient
    editor
    well-being
    justice
    legislation
    expert
    responsibility

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Social Sciences(all)

    Cite this

    Mead, L., & Beem, C. (2007). Welfare reform and political theory. Russell Sage Foundation.

    Welfare reform and political theory. / Mead, Lawrence; Beem, Christopher.

    Russell Sage Foundation, 2007. 284 p.

    Research output: Book/ReportBook

    Mead, L & Beem, C 2007, Welfare reform and political theory. Russell Sage Foundation.
    Mead L, Beem C. Welfare reform and political theory. Russell Sage Foundation, 2007. 284 p.
    Mead, Lawrence ; Beem, Christopher. / Welfare reform and political theory. Russell Sage Foundation, 2007. 284 p.
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