Welfare program participation among rural-to-urban migrant workers in China

Qingwen Xu, Xinping Guan, Fangfang Yao

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    An estimated 225 million Chinese people have migrated to cities from China's rural areas over the past two decades. These rural-to-urban migrant workers have greatly challenged China's welfare system. The pre-reform welfare system was a duel scheme with an urban-rural distinction in which rural residents were not covered by state-run welfare programs and had to rely on their families and rural collectives. The development of employment-based social insurance programs in 1999 made social welfare programs available for rural-to-urban migrant workers. Using an anonymous survey conducted in seven cities across China in 2006, we found that social insurance program participation rates were low among rural-to-urban migrant workers. Individual factors, including lack of knowledge of welfare programs and of a willingness to participate, and macro-level factors, including type of employer and industry, are critical in determining migrant workers' participation in welfare programs. Implications for policies and practice are discussed.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)10-21
    Number of pages12
    JournalInternational Journal of Social Welfare
    Volume20
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Jan 1 2011

    Fingerprint

    migrant worker
    welfare
    China
    participation
    social insurance
    worker participation
    macro level
    social welfare
    employer
    rural area
    resident
    reform
    industry
    lack

    Keywords

    • China
    • Migrant worker
    • Rural-to-urban migration
    • Welfare reform
    • Welfare utilization

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Sociology and Political Science

    Cite this

    Welfare program participation among rural-to-urban migrant workers in China. / Xu, Qingwen; Guan, Xinping; Yao, Fangfang.

    In: International Journal of Social Welfare, Vol. 20, No. 1, 01.01.2011, p. 10-21.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Xu, Qingwen ; Guan, Xinping ; Yao, Fangfang. / Welfare program participation among rural-to-urban migrant workers in China. In: International Journal of Social Welfare. 2011 ; Vol. 20, No. 1. pp. 10-21.
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