Welfare Policies and Adolescents: Exploring the Roles of Sibling Care, Maternal Work Schedules, and Economic Resources

Jo Ann Hsueh, Lisa Gennetian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This study uses data from three longitudinal experimental evaluations of US state welfare reform programs to examine whether program-induced changes in families' reliance on sibling care are linked with the effects of welfare programs on selected schooling outcomes of high risk, low-income adolescents. The findings from two of the welfare programs indicate that increased reliance on sibling care was concomitant with unfavorable effects of the programs on adolescent schooling outcomes. In the third welfare program examined, the program did not yield any increases in the use of sibling care or unfavorable effects on adolescent schooling outcomes, suggesting that sibling care is one likely contributor to the negative effects of welfare programs on adolescent schooling outcomes. These findings are discussed in terms of the pattern of the programs' effects on families' income, as well as maternal work on nonstandard schedules, aside from the programs' effects on maternal employment, which play contributory roles in shaping the extent to which welfare programs led to less favorable effects on the schooling outcomes of adolescents with younger siblings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)322-340
Number of pages19
JournalAmerican Journal of Community Psychology
Volume48
Issue number3-4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2011

Fingerprint

Child Welfare
social policy
Siblings
Appointments and Schedules
Economics
Mothers
adolescent
resources
economics
welfare
reform program
family income
role play
welfare state
low income
evaluation

Keywords

  • Adolescent schooling outcomes
  • Economic resources
  • Maternal employment
  • Poverty
  • Welfare policies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Medicine(all)
  • Applied Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

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title = "Welfare Policies and Adolescents: Exploring the Roles of Sibling Care, Maternal Work Schedules, and Economic Resources",
abstract = "This study uses data from three longitudinal experimental evaluations of US state welfare reform programs to examine whether program-induced changes in families' reliance on sibling care are linked with the effects of welfare programs on selected schooling outcomes of high risk, low-income adolescents. The findings from two of the welfare programs indicate that increased reliance on sibling care was concomitant with unfavorable effects of the programs on adolescent schooling outcomes. In the third welfare program examined, the program did not yield any increases in the use of sibling care or unfavorable effects on adolescent schooling outcomes, suggesting that sibling care is one likely contributor to the negative effects of welfare programs on adolescent schooling outcomes. These findings are discussed in terms of the pattern of the programs' effects on families' income, as well as maternal work on nonstandard schedules, aside from the programs' effects on maternal employment, which play contributory roles in shaping the extent to which welfare programs led to less favorable effects on the schooling outcomes of adolescents with younger siblings.",
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