Welfare caseload change

An alternative approach

Lawrence Mead

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    In the last decade, caseloads in AFDC/TANF have shifted dramatically up, then down. Of existing studies based on time series or state panel data, some tend to underplay the role of welfare reform. All say little about what policies drove the decline or about the role of governmental quality. An approach using cross-sectional models explains interstate differences in caseload change rather than the national trend but allows more discussion about the role of policy and government. Results suggest that grant levels, work and child support requirements, and sanctions are important explainers of change, along with some demographic terms and unemployment. These policies in turn are tied to states' political opinion, political culture, and institutional capacity. Moralistic states seem the most capable of transforming welfare in the manner the public wants.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)163-186
    Number of pages24
    JournalPolicy Studies Journal
    Volume31
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    StatePublished - May 2003

    Fingerprint

    welfare
    political opinion
    political culture
    sanction
    welfare reform
    time series
    grant
    unemployment
    panel data
    reform
    trend
    policy
    opinion
    public

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Sociology and Political Science
    • Public Administration

    Cite this

    Welfare caseload change : An alternative approach. / Mead, Lawrence.

    In: Policy Studies Journal, Vol. 31, No. 2, 05.2003, p. 163-186.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Mead, Lawrence. / Welfare caseload change : An alternative approach. In: Policy Studies Journal. 2003 ; Vol. 31, No. 2. pp. 163-186.
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