Volunteer transitions among older adults: The role of human, social, and cultural capital in later life

Tay K. McNamara, Ernest Gonzales

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    Objectives. We aim to understand how human, social, and cultural capitals are associated with the volunteer process, that is, engagement (starting), intensity (number of hours), and cessation (stopping), among older adults. Method. Data from the 2000 through 2008 Health and Retirement Study and the 2001 through 2009 Consumption and Activity Mail Survey provide a sample of 4,526 respondents. Random-effects pooled time series analyses incorporate not only the presence of various types of capital but also the quality of that capital. Results. Human and cultural capitals were positively associated with increased volunteer involvement. Effects of social capital (relationships in the family, employment status, and the community) depended on the quality of the relationships, not necessarily on their presence alone. Discussion. Results suggest that bolstering older adults' capitals, particularly among lower socioeconomic status groups, can increase volunteer engagement and intensity and reduce cessation. Additionally, a variety of organizational policies including respite programs for caregivers and employer policies allowing employees to reduce their work hours might indirectly affect participation rates and commitment. Potential pools of volunteers exist in families, workplaces, and religious organizations, but more research is necessary to identify how to recruit and retain individuals in social networks where volunteer participatory rates are low.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)490-501
    Number of pages12
    JournalJournals of Gerontology - Series B Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
    Volume66 B
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Jan 1 2011

    Fingerprint

    cultural capital
    human capital
    social capital
    Volunteers
    Economics
    status group
    mail survey
    retirement
    caregiver
    time series
    social status
    Organizational Policy
    employer
    social network
    workplace
    employee
    commitment
    Retirement
    Postal Service
    participation

    Keywords

    • Cultural capital
    • Formal and informal help
    • Human capital
    • Social capital

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Health(social science)
    • Social Psychology
    • Clinical Psychology
    • Sociology and Political Science
    • Gerontology
    • Geriatrics and Gerontology
    • Life-span and Life-course Studies

    Cite this

    Volunteer transitions among older adults : The role of human, social, and cultural capital in later life. / McNamara, Tay K.; Gonzales, Ernest.

    In: Journals of Gerontology - Series B Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, Vol. 66 B, No. 4, 01.01.2011, p. 490-501.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    @article{95a2ad0594ba4487b2c493a765b4d2ee,
    title = "Volunteer transitions among older adults: The role of human, social, and cultural capital in later life",
    abstract = "Objectives. We aim to understand how human, social, and cultural capitals are associated with the volunteer process, that is, engagement (starting), intensity (number of hours), and cessation (stopping), among older adults. Method. Data from the 2000 through 2008 Health and Retirement Study and the 2001 through 2009 Consumption and Activity Mail Survey provide a sample of 4,526 respondents. Random-effects pooled time series analyses incorporate not only the presence of various types of capital but also the quality of that capital. Results. Human and cultural capitals were positively associated with increased volunteer involvement. Effects of social capital (relationships in the family, employment status, and the community) depended on the quality of the relationships, not necessarily on their presence alone. Discussion. Results suggest that bolstering older adults' capitals, particularly among lower socioeconomic status groups, can increase volunteer engagement and intensity and reduce cessation. Additionally, a variety of organizational policies including respite programs for caregivers and employer policies allowing employees to reduce their work hours might indirectly affect participation rates and commitment. Potential pools of volunteers exist in families, workplaces, and religious organizations, but more research is necessary to identify how to recruit and retain individuals in social networks where volunteer participatory rates are low.",
    keywords = "Cultural capital, Formal and informal help, Human capital, Social capital",
    author = "McNamara, {Tay K.} and Ernest Gonzales",
    year = "2011",
    month = "1",
    day = "1",
    doi = "10.1093/geronb/gbr055",
    language = "English (US)",
    volume = "66 B",
    pages = "490--501",
    journal = "Journals of Gerontology - Series B Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences",
    issn = "1079-5014",
    publisher = "Gerontological Society of America",
    number = "4",

    }

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Volunteer transitions among older adults

    T2 - The role of human, social, and cultural capital in later life

    AU - McNamara, Tay K.

    AU - Gonzales, Ernest

    PY - 2011/1/1

    Y1 - 2011/1/1

    N2 - Objectives. We aim to understand how human, social, and cultural capitals are associated with the volunteer process, that is, engagement (starting), intensity (number of hours), and cessation (stopping), among older adults. Method. Data from the 2000 through 2008 Health and Retirement Study and the 2001 through 2009 Consumption and Activity Mail Survey provide a sample of 4,526 respondents. Random-effects pooled time series analyses incorporate not only the presence of various types of capital but also the quality of that capital. Results. Human and cultural capitals were positively associated with increased volunteer involvement. Effects of social capital (relationships in the family, employment status, and the community) depended on the quality of the relationships, not necessarily on their presence alone. Discussion. Results suggest that bolstering older adults' capitals, particularly among lower socioeconomic status groups, can increase volunteer engagement and intensity and reduce cessation. Additionally, a variety of organizational policies including respite programs for caregivers and employer policies allowing employees to reduce their work hours might indirectly affect participation rates and commitment. Potential pools of volunteers exist in families, workplaces, and religious organizations, but more research is necessary to identify how to recruit and retain individuals in social networks where volunteer participatory rates are low.

    AB - Objectives. We aim to understand how human, social, and cultural capitals are associated with the volunteer process, that is, engagement (starting), intensity (number of hours), and cessation (stopping), among older adults. Method. Data from the 2000 through 2008 Health and Retirement Study and the 2001 through 2009 Consumption and Activity Mail Survey provide a sample of 4,526 respondents. Random-effects pooled time series analyses incorporate not only the presence of various types of capital but also the quality of that capital. Results. Human and cultural capitals were positively associated with increased volunteer involvement. Effects of social capital (relationships in the family, employment status, and the community) depended on the quality of the relationships, not necessarily on their presence alone. Discussion. Results suggest that bolstering older adults' capitals, particularly among lower socioeconomic status groups, can increase volunteer engagement and intensity and reduce cessation. Additionally, a variety of organizational policies including respite programs for caregivers and employer policies allowing employees to reduce their work hours might indirectly affect participation rates and commitment. Potential pools of volunteers exist in families, workplaces, and religious organizations, but more research is necessary to identify how to recruit and retain individuals in social networks where volunteer participatory rates are low.

    KW - Cultural capital

    KW - Formal and informal help

    KW - Human capital

    KW - Social capital

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=80052611031&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=80052611031&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    U2 - 10.1093/geronb/gbr055

    DO - 10.1093/geronb/gbr055

    M3 - Article

    VL - 66 B

    SP - 490

    EP - 501

    JO - Journals of Gerontology - Series B Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences

    JF - Journals of Gerontology - Series B Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences

    SN - 1079-5014

    IS - 4

    ER -