Voltage activation of heart inner mitochondrial membrane channels

Dmitry B. Zorov, Kathleen W. Kinnally, Henry Tedeschi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The patch clamp records obtained from mitoplast membranes prepared in the presence of a calcium chelator generally lack channel activity. However, multiconductance channel (MCC) activity can be induced by membrane potentials above ±60mV [Kinnally et al., Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun.176, 1183-1188 (1991)]. Once activated, the MCC activity persists at all voltages. The present report characterizes the activation by voltage of multiconductance channels of rat heart inner mitochondrial membranes using patch-clamping. In some membrane patches, the size of single current transitions progressively increases with time upon application of voltage. The inhibitor cyclosporin has also been found to decrease channel conductance in steps. The results suggest that voltage-induced effects which are inhibited by cyclosporin Aare likely to involve either an increase in effective pore diameter or the assembly of low-conductance units. In activated patches, we have found at high membrane potentials (e.g., 130 mV) changes in conductance as high as 5 nS occurring in large steps (up to 2.7 nS). These were generally preceded by a smaller transition. Similar results were obtained less frequently at lower voltages. These results can be explained on the assumption that once assembled the channels may act in unison.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)119-124
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Bioenergetics and Biomembranes
Volume24
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 1992

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Keywords

  • Inner mitochondrial membrane
  • assembly
  • channels
  • cyclosporin
  • patch-clamp
  • permeability transition pore
  • voltage activation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cell Biology

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