Vernacularization on the ground: Local uses of global women's rights in Peru, China, India and the United States

Peggy Levitt, Sally Merry

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    The articles published in this special journal issue examine how global ideas about women's rights actually get used in four contexts - China, India, Peru and the United States. Our findings result from collaborative research conducted by teams in each country. We call the process of appropriation and local adoption of globally generated ideas and strategies vernacularization. In each country, vernacularization differed depending on the contents of the global women's rights packages at play, the work of vernacularizers and the different social positions they occupy, how human rights ideas are framed, the channels and technologies of transmission, and the local geographies of history and culture within which circulation and vernacularization take place. We find that vernacularization is a widespread practice that takes different forms in different kinds of organizations and in different cultural and historical contexts. Ongoing tensions between global and national rights ideas are quite common. Finally, our work brings to light two dilemmas in the way human rights are appropriated and used - a resonance dilemma and an advocacy dilemma - both arising from the disparity between human rights as law and human rights as a social movement.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)441-461
    Number of pages21
    JournalGlobal Networks
    Volume9
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Oct 2009

    Fingerprint

    women's rights
    Peru
    human rights
    India
    China
    social position
    social movement
    geography
    Law
    history

    Keywords

    • Circulation
    • Gender
    • Global culture
    • Human rights
    • Vernacularization
    • Women's rights

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Social Sciences(all)

    Cite this

    Vernacularization on the ground : Local uses of global women's rights in Peru, China, India and the United States. / Levitt, Peggy; Merry, Sally.

    In: Global Networks, Vol. 9, No. 4, 10.2009, p. 441-461.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    @article{d6e6c0bd5b1f403d8c6a4da8d2fe0121,
    title = "Vernacularization on the ground: Local uses of global women's rights in Peru, China, India and the United States",
    abstract = "The articles published in this special journal issue examine how global ideas about women's rights actually get used in four contexts - China, India, Peru and the United States. Our findings result from collaborative research conducted by teams in each country. We call the process of appropriation and local adoption of globally generated ideas and strategies vernacularization. In each country, vernacularization differed depending on the contents of the global women's rights packages at play, the work of vernacularizers and the different social positions they occupy, how human rights ideas are framed, the channels and technologies of transmission, and the local geographies of history and culture within which circulation and vernacularization take place. We find that vernacularization is a widespread practice that takes different forms in different kinds of organizations and in different cultural and historical contexts. Ongoing tensions between global and national rights ideas are quite common. Finally, our work brings to light two dilemmas in the way human rights are appropriated and used - a resonance dilemma and an advocacy dilemma - both arising from the disparity between human rights as law and human rights as a social movement.",
    keywords = "Circulation, Gender, Global culture, Human rights, Vernacularization, Women's rights",
    author = "Peggy Levitt and Sally Merry",
    year = "2009",
    month = "10",
    doi = "10.1111/j.1471-0374.2009.00263.x",
    language = "English (US)",
    volume = "9",
    pages = "441--461",
    journal = "Global Networks",
    issn = "1470-2266",
    publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
    number = "4",

    }

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Vernacularization on the ground

    T2 - Local uses of global women's rights in Peru, China, India and the United States

    AU - Levitt, Peggy

    AU - Merry, Sally

    PY - 2009/10

    Y1 - 2009/10

    N2 - The articles published in this special journal issue examine how global ideas about women's rights actually get used in four contexts - China, India, Peru and the United States. Our findings result from collaborative research conducted by teams in each country. We call the process of appropriation and local adoption of globally generated ideas and strategies vernacularization. In each country, vernacularization differed depending on the contents of the global women's rights packages at play, the work of vernacularizers and the different social positions they occupy, how human rights ideas are framed, the channels and technologies of transmission, and the local geographies of history and culture within which circulation and vernacularization take place. We find that vernacularization is a widespread practice that takes different forms in different kinds of organizations and in different cultural and historical contexts. Ongoing tensions between global and national rights ideas are quite common. Finally, our work brings to light two dilemmas in the way human rights are appropriated and used - a resonance dilemma and an advocacy dilemma - both arising from the disparity between human rights as law and human rights as a social movement.

    AB - The articles published in this special journal issue examine how global ideas about women's rights actually get used in four contexts - China, India, Peru and the United States. Our findings result from collaborative research conducted by teams in each country. We call the process of appropriation and local adoption of globally generated ideas and strategies vernacularization. In each country, vernacularization differed depending on the contents of the global women's rights packages at play, the work of vernacularizers and the different social positions they occupy, how human rights ideas are framed, the channels and technologies of transmission, and the local geographies of history and culture within which circulation and vernacularization take place. We find that vernacularization is a widespread practice that takes different forms in different kinds of organizations and in different cultural and historical contexts. Ongoing tensions between global and national rights ideas are quite common. Finally, our work brings to light two dilemmas in the way human rights are appropriated and used - a resonance dilemma and an advocacy dilemma - both arising from the disparity between human rights as law and human rights as a social movement.

    KW - Circulation

    KW - Gender

    KW - Global culture

    KW - Human rights

    KW - Vernacularization

    KW - Women's rights

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=69249115700&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=69249115700&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    U2 - 10.1111/j.1471-0374.2009.00263.x

    DO - 10.1111/j.1471-0374.2009.00263.x

    M3 - Article

    AN - SCOPUS:69249115700

    VL - 9

    SP - 441

    EP - 461

    JO - Global Networks

    JF - Global Networks

    SN - 1470-2266

    IS - 4

    ER -