Vapor-fed microfluidic hydrogen generator

Miguel Modestino, M. Dumortier, S. M. Hosseini Hashemi, S. Haussener, C. Moser, D. Psaltis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Water-splitting devices that operate with humid air feeds are an attractive alternative for hydrogen production as the required water input can be obtained directly from ambient air. This article presents a novel proof-of-concept microfluidic platform that makes use of polymeric ion conductor (Nafion®) thin films to absorb water from air and performs the electrochemical water-splitting process. Modelling and experimental tools are used to demonstrate that these microstructured devices can achieve the delicate balance between water, gas, and ionic transport processes required for vapor-fed devices to operate continuously and at steady state, at current densities above 3 mA cm-2. The results presented here show that factors such as the thickness of the Nafion films covering the electrodes, convection of air streams, and water content of the ionomer can significantly affect the device performance. The insights presented in this work provide important guidelines for the material requirements and device designs that can be used to create practical electrochemical hydrogen generators that work directly under ambient air.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2287-2296
Number of pages10
JournalLab on a Chip - Miniaturisation for Chemistry and Biology
Volume15
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - May 21 2015

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Gas generators
Microfluidics
Hydrogen
Vapors
Air
Water
Equipment and Supplies
Ionomers
Equipment Design
Convection
Hydrogen production
Water content
Current density
Gases
Ions
Electrodes
Thin films
Guidelines

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Biochemistry
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biomedical Engineering

Cite this

Modestino, M., Dumortier, M., Hosseini Hashemi, S. M., Haussener, S., Moser, C., & Psaltis, D. (2015). Vapor-fed microfluidic hydrogen generator. Lab on a Chip - Miniaturisation for Chemistry and Biology, 15(10), 2287-2296. https://doi.org/10.1039/c5lc00259a

Vapor-fed microfluidic hydrogen generator. / Modestino, Miguel; Dumortier, M.; Hosseini Hashemi, S. M.; Haussener, S.; Moser, C.; Psaltis, D.

In: Lab on a Chip - Miniaturisation for Chemistry and Biology, Vol. 15, No. 10, 21.05.2015, p. 2287-2296.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Modestino, M, Dumortier, M, Hosseini Hashemi, SM, Haussener, S, Moser, C & Psaltis, D 2015, 'Vapor-fed microfluidic hydrogen generator', Lab on a Chip - Miniaturisation for Chemistry and Biology, vol. 15, no. 10, pp. 2287-2296. https://doi.org/10.1039/c5lc00259a
Modestino M, Dumortier M, Hosseini Hashemi SM, Haussener S, Moser C, Psaltis D. Vapor-fed microfluidic hydrogen generator. Lab on a Chip - Miniaturisation for Chemistry and Biology. 2015 May 21;15(10):2287-2296. https://doi.org/10.1039/c5lc00259a
Modestino, Miguel ; Dumortier, M. ; Hosseini Hashemi, S. M. ; Haussener, S. ; Moser, C. ; Psaltis, D. / Vapor-fed microfluidic hydrogen generator. In: Lab on a Chip - Miniaturisation for Chemistry and Biology. 2015 ; Vol. 15, No. 10. pp. 2287-2296.
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