Use of oligodeoxynucleotides containing O6-alkylguanine for the assay of O6-alkylguanine-DNA-alkyltransferase activity

M. E. Dolan, D. Schicchitiano, A. E. Pegg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

A sensitive assay procedure was developed for the measurement of the activity of mammalian O6-alkylguanine-DNA-alkyltransferase. The procedure utilized oligodeoxynucleotides containing O6-methylguanine as substrates for the reaction. The oligodeoxynucleotides were end labeled with 32P by the reaction with polynucleotide kinase and [γ-32P]ATP and allowed to react with organ or cell extracts containing the alkyltransferase. The unmethylated product which was formed was separated from the substrate by reverse-phase high-pressure liquid chromatography. Since the repair by the alkyltransferase is bimolecular, the second order rate constants for the reaction between the labeled oligomer and repair protein from several different sources were determined. The amount of alkyltransferase present was then calculated from the amount of product formed and the appropriate second order rate constant for the reaction. Excellent agreement was obtained between the alkyltransferase levels determined in this procedure and those measured by conventional assay procedures in a variety of cell lines having both high and low activity. The method also gave results in good agreement with other assay procedures for a number of rat tissues, although few tissues gave anomalous results owing to a high level of nuclease activity which degraded the substrate. This method should prove useful for the measurement of alkyltransferase activity in samples in which the activity is very low or the amount of material available is limited.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1184-1188
Number of pages5
JournalCancer Research
Volume48
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1988

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Oligodeoxyribonucleotides
Alkyl and Aryl Transferases
Polynucleotide 5'-Hydroxyl-Kinase
Reverse-Phase Chromatography
DNA alkyltransferase
Cell Extracts
Adenosine Triphosphate
High Pressure Liquid Chromatography
Cell Line
Proteins

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

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Use of oligodeoxynucleotides containing O6-alkylguanine for the assay of O6-alkylguanine-DNA-alkyltransferase activity. / Dolan, M. E.; Schicchitiano, D.; Pegg, A. E.

In: Cancer Research, Vol. 48, No. 5, 1988, p. 1184-1188.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "A sensitive assay procedure was developed for the measurement of the activity of mammalian O6-alkylguanine-DNA-alkyltransferase. The procedure utilized oligodeoxynucleotides containing O6-methylguanine as substrates for the reaction. The oligodeoxynucleotides were end labeled with 32P by the reaction with polynucleotide kinase and [γ-32P]ATP and allowed to react with organ or cell extracts containing the alkyltransferase. The unmethylated product which was formed was separated from the substrate by reverse-phase high-pressure liquid chromatography. Since the repair by the alkyltransferase is bimolecular, the second order rate constants for the reaction between the labeled oligomer and repair protein from several different sources were determined. The amount of alkyltransferase present was then calculated from the amount of product formed and the appropriate second order rate constant for the reaction. Excellent agreement was obtained between the alkyltransferase levels determined in this procedure and those measured by conventional assay procedures in a variety of cell lines having both high and low activity. The method also gave results in good agreement with other assay procedures for a number of rat tissues, although few tissues gave anomalous results owing to a high level of nuclease activity which degraded the substrate. This method should prove useful for the measurement of alkyltransferase activity in samples in which the activity is very low or the amount of material available is limited.",
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AB - A sensitive assay procedure was developed for the measurement of the activity of mammalian O6-alkylguanine-DNA-alkyltransferase. The procedure utilized oligodeoxynucleotides containing O6-methylguanine as substrates for the reaction. The oligodeoxynucleotides were end labeled with 32P by the reaction with polynucleotide kinase and [γ-32P]ATP and allowed to react with organ or cell extracts containing the alkyltransferase. The unmethylated product which was formed was separated from the substrate by reverse-phase high-pressure liquid chromatography. Since the repair by the alkyltransferase is bimolecular, the second order rate constants for the reaction between the labeled oligomer and repair protein from several different sources were determined. The amount of alkyltransferase present was then calculated from the amount of product formed and the appropriate second order rate constant for the reaction. Excellent agreement was obtained between the alkyltransferase levels determined in this procedure and those measured by conventional assay procedures in a variety of cell lines having both high and low activity. The method also gave results in good agreement with other assay procedures for a number of rat tissues, although few tissues gave anomalous results owing to a high level of nuclease activity which degraded the substrate. This method should prove useful for the measurement of alkyltransferase activity in samples in which the activity is very low or the amount of material available is limited.

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