U.S. treaty making with American Indians

Institutional change and relative power, 1784-1911

Arthur Spirling

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    Native Americans are unique among domestic actors in that their relations with the U.S. government involve treaty making, with almost 600 such documents signed between the Revolutionary War and the turn of the twentieth century. We investigate the effect of constitutional changes to the treating process in 1871, by which Congress stripped the president of his ability to negotiate directly with tribes. We construct a comprehensive new data set by digitizing all of the treaties for systematic textual analysis. Employing scaling techniques validated with word-use information, we show that a single dimension characterizes the treaties as more or less "harsh" in land and resource cession terms. We find that specific institutional changes to treaty-making mechanisms had little effect on agreement outcomes. Rather, it is the relative bargaining power of the United States economically and militarily that contributes to worsening terms for Indians over the nineteenth century.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)84-97
    Number of pages14
    JournalAmerican Journal of Political Science
    Volume56
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Jan 2012

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    American Indian
    institutional change
    treaty
    bargaining power
    scaling
    ethnic group
    nineteenth century
    twentieth century
    president
    ability
    resources

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Sociology and Political Science

    Cite this

    U.S. treaty making with American Indians : Institutional change and relative power, 1784-1911. / Spirling, Arthur.

    In: American Journal of Political Science, Vol. 56, No. 1, 01.2012, p. 84-97.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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