Urban crack users: Gender differences in drug use, HIV risk and health status

Stephanie Tortu, Marjorie Goldstein, Sherry Deren, Mark Beardsley, Rahul Hamid, Kristine Ziek

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This study assessed gender differences in drug use, HIV risk, and health status in a sample of urban crack users. Using targeted sampling, 1434 crack users (66% male and primarily African-American and Puerto Rican), were recruited from the streets of East Harlem, New York City. A standardized, structured interview was administered, drug use was validated by urinalysis, and HIV testing was offered. Gender differences were observed on sociodemographic variables and patterns of drug use. Other than welfare, men and women cited different major sources of income. Women reported greater use of crack, and men were more likely to use injection drugs as well as crack. Data on sexual risk indicated that women had more sexual partners than men, but the percentage of unprotected vaginal sex for both men and women was greater for those who did not exchange sex for drugs and/or money. The number of persons already infected with HIV was substantial. Many reported histories of other sexually transmitted diseases which were generally higher among men. Future research should investigate the relationship between gender and other factors (e.g., ethnicity, geographic location) associated with HIV risk.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)177-189
Number of pages13
JournalWomen and Health
Volume27
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1998

Fingerprint

Health Status
health status
drug use
gender-specific factors
HIV
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Unsafe Sex
Geographic Locations
Urinalysis
Sexual Partners
sexually transmitted disease
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
African Americans
money
ethnicity
welfare
Interviews
drug
income
Injections

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Gender Studies

Cite this

Urban crack users : Gender differences in drug use, HIV risk and health status. / Tortu, Stephanie; Goldstein, Marjorie; Deren, Sherry; Beardsley, Mark; Hamid, Rahul; Ziek, Kristine.

In: Women and Health, Vol. 27, No. 1-2, 1998, p. 177-189.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Tortu, S, Goldstein, M, Deren, S, Beardsley, M, Hamid, R & Ziek, K 1998, 'Urban crack users: Gender differences in drug use, HIV risk and health status', Women and Health, vol. 27, no. 1-2, pp. 177-189. https://doi.org/10.1300/J013v27n01_11
Tortu, Stephanie ; Goldstein, Marjorie ; Deren, Sherry ; Beardsley, Mark ; Hamid, Rahul ; Ziek, Kristine. / Urban crack users : Gender differences in drug use, HIV risk and health status. In: Women and Health. 1998 ; Vol. 27, No. 1-2. pp. 177-189.
@article{1212218299fa4f5397591603c9cb7056,
title = "Urban crack users: Gender differences in drug use, HIV risk and health status",
abstract = "This study assessed gender differences in drug use, HIV risk, and health status in a sample of urban crack users. Using targeted sampling, 1434 crack users (66{\%} male and primarily African-American and Puerto Rican), were recruited from the streets of East Harlem, New York City. A standardized, structured interview was administered, drug use was validated by urinalysis, and HIV testing was offered. Gender differences were observed on sociodemographic variables and patterns of drug use. Other than welfare, men and women cited different major sources of income. Women reported greater use of crack, and men were more likely to use injection drugs as well as crack. Data on sexual risk indicated that women had more sexual partners than men, but the percentage of unprotected vaginal sex for both men and women was greater for those who did not exchange sex for drugs and/or money. The number of persons already infected with HIV was substantial. Many reported histories of other sexually transmitted diseases which were generally higher among men. Future research should investigate the relationship between gender and other factors (e.g., ethnicity, geographic location) associated with HIV risk.",
author = "Stephanie Tortu and Marjorie Goldstein and Sherry Deren and Mark Beardsley and Rahul Hamid and Kristine Ziek",
year = "1998",
doi = "10.1300/J013v27n01_11",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "27",
pages = "177--189",
journal = "Women and Health",
issn = "0363-0242",
publisher = "Routledge",
number = "1-2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Urban crack users

T2 - Gender differences in drug use, HIV risk and health status

AU - Tortu, Stephanie

AU - Goldstein, Marjorie

AU - Deren, Sherry

AU - Beardsley, Mark

AU - Hamid, Rahul

AU - Ziek, Kristine

PY - 1998

Y1 - 1998

N2 - This study assessed gender differences in drug use, HIV risk, and health status in a sample of urban crack users. Using targeted sampling, 1434 crack users (66% male and primarily African-American and Puerto Rican), were recruited from the streets of East Harlem, New York City. A standardized, structured interview was administered, drug use was validated by urinalysis, and HIV testing was offered. Gender differences were observed on sociodemographic variables and patterns of drug use. Other than welfare, men and women cited different major sources of income. Women reported greater use of crack, and men were more likely to use injection drugs as well as crack. Data on sexual risk indicated that women had more sexual partners than men, but the percentage of unprotected vaginal sex for both men and women was greater for those who did not exchange sex for drugs and/or money. The number of persons already infected with HIV was substantial. Many reported histories of other sexually transmitted diseases which were generally higher among men. Future research should investigate the relationship between gender and other factors (e.g., ethnicity, geographic location) associated with HIV risk.

AB - This study assessed gender differences in drug use, HIV risk, and health status in a sample of urban crack users. Using targeted sampling, 1434 crack users (66% male and primarily African-American and Puerto Rican), were recruited from the streets of East Harlem, New York City. A standardized, structured interview was administered, drug use was validated by urinalysis, and HIV testing was offered. Gender differences were observed on sociodemographic variables and patterns of drug use. Other than welfare, men and women cited different major sources of income. Women reported greater use of crack, and men were more likely to use injection drugs as well as crack. Data on sexual risk indicated that women had more sexual partners than men, but the percentage of unprotected vaginal sex for both men and women was greater for those who did not exchange sex for drugs and/or money. The number of persons already infected with HIV was substantial. Many reported histories of other sexually transmitted diseases which were generally higher among men. Future research should investigate the relationship between gender and other factors (e.g., ethnicity, geographic location) associated with HIV risk.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0031808613&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0031808613&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1300/J013v27n01_11

DO - 10.1300/J013v27n01_11

M3 - Article

VL - 27

SP - 177

EP - 189

JO - Women and Health

JF - Women and Health

SN - 0363-0242

IS - 1-2

ER -