Urban breakwaters as reef fish habitat in the Persian Gulf

John Burt, David A. Feary, Georgenes Cavalcante, Andrew G. Bauman, Paolo Usseglio

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    Breakwaters and related structures dominate near-shore environments in many Persian Gulf countries, but little is known of their ecology. To examine the influence of wave exposure on fish communities we surveyed exposed and sheltered breakwaters seasonally over 2. years and compared these with natural reef assemblages. Species richness and adult, juvenile, and total abundance were generally comparable among the three habitat types each season. However, differences in multivariate community structure indicated that each habitat contained a distinct assemblage, with strongest difference between sheltered breakwaters and the exposed natural reef. All communities were characterized by marked seasonality; abundance and richness were generally higher in the warmer seasons (summer, fall) than during cooler periods (winter, spring), and there were related seasonal changes in community structure, particularly on the natural reef. Results indicate that breakwaters are important fish habitats, but that breakwater communities vary with wave exposure and are distinct from natural reefs.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)342-350
    Number of pages9
    JournalMarine Pollution Bulletin
    Volume72
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Jul 30 2013

    Fingerprint

    Persian Gulf
    Reefs
    Breakwaters
    breakwater
    Fish
    reefs
    reef
    habitat
    fish
    habitats
    community structure
    warm season
    nearshore environment
    coolers
    Ecology
    habitat type
    seasonality
    ecology
    species diversity
    species richness

    Keywords

    • Arabian Gulf
    • Artificial reef
    • Breakwater
    • Coastal defense
    • Reef fish
    • Wave exposure

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Aquatic Science
    • Oceanography
    • Pollution

    Cite this

    Burt, J., Feary, D. A., Cavalcante, G., Bauman, A. G., & Usseglio, P. (2013). Urban breakwaters as reef fish habitat in the Persian Gulf. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 72(2), 342-350. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2012.10.019

    Urban breakwaters as reef fish habitat in the Persian Gulf. / Burt, John; Feary, David A.; Cavalcante, Georgenes; Bauman, Andrew G.; Usseglio, Paolo.

    In: Marine Pollution Bulletin, Vol. 72, No. 2, 30.07.2013, p. 342-350.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Burt, J, Feary, DA, Cavalcante, G, Bauman, AG & Usseglio, P 2013, 'Urban breakwaters as reef fish habitat in the Persian Gulf', Marine Pollution Bulletin, vol. 72, no. 2, pp. 342-350. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2012.10.019
    Burt, John ; Feary, David A. ; Cavalcante, Georgenes ; Bauman, Andrew G. ; Usseglio, Paolo. / Urban breakwaters as reef fish habitat in the Persian Gulf. In: Marine Pollution Bulletin. 2013 ; Vol. 72, No. 2. pp. 342-350.
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