Updating the Infection Risk Reduction Hierarchy: Preventing Transition into Injection

David Vlahov, Crystal M. Fuller, Danielle C. Ompad, Sandro Galea, Don C. Des Jarlais

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Current approaches to prevention of blood-borne infections in injection drug users include referral to drug abuse treatment, access to sterile syringes, bleach disinfection of injection equipment, and education about not sharing equipment. However, rates of some blood-borne infections (e.g., hepatitis C virus) remain elevated among injection drug users, especially early after initiation into injection drug use. With lower infection rates in noninjectors and transition into injection drug use occurring most commonly among these noninjectors, prevention of transition into injection drug use as an additional step to reduce risk for acquisition and transmission of blood-borne infections merits closer attention.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)14-19
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Urban Health
Volume81
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2004

Fingerprint

Risk Reduction Behavior
drug use
Injections
Infection
drug
drug abuse
Drug Users
contagious disease
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Equipment and Supplies
Disinfection
Syringes
Hepacivirus
Substance-Related Disorders
education
Referral and Consultation
Education

Keywords

  • Hepatitis C virus
  • Hierarchy
  • Human immunodeficiency virus
  • Infection
  • Injection drug use
  • Prevention

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Updating the Infection Risk Reduction Hierarchy : Preventing Transition into Injection. / Vlahov, David; Fuller, Crystal M.; Ompad, Danielle C.; Galea, Sandro; Des Jarlais, Don C.

In: Journal of Urban Health, Vol. 81, No. 1, 03.2004, p. 14-19.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Vlahov, David ; Fuller, Crystal M. ; Ompad, Danielle C. ; Galea, Sandro ; Des Jarlais, Don C. / Updating the Infection Risk Reduction Hierarchy : Preventing Transition into Injection. In: Journal of Urban Health. 2004 ; Vol. 81, No. 1. pp. 14-19.
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