Understanding industrial accidents associated with new technologies

A human resources management approach

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The introduction of new technology into existing industries makes unusual demands upon human resources. If these demands are not met, these indus tries can become more accident-prone than they were prior to the introduction of the new technology. In order to identify the human resource needs related to accidents, a diagnostic framework for screening the events preceding accidents is developed. When applied to an accident, the framework generates a subset of events directly related to the accident and expresses these events in terms of human resource activity, in contrast to other approaches which have focused on more conventional equipment or system failure. The framework is illus trated with three commonly known accidents that occurred in the context of new technology. Once the subset of events is obtained by applying the frame work, human resource problems are identified for those events, and some so lutions to the problems are suggested. The human resource problems and so lutions particularly emphasized pertain to training and design of the work routine to avoid vulnerable periods in the work cycle.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)229-256
Number of pages28
JournalOrganization & Environment
Volume2
Issue number3-4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1988

Fingerprint

human resource
accident
resource management
new technology
Industrial accidents
Human resource management
Accidents
Human resources
industry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management

Cite this

@article{4e421586d0d14f53929a3eb037e0531d,
title = "Understanding industrial accidents associated with new technologies: A human resources management approach",
abstract = "The introduction of new technology into existing industries makes unusual demands upon human resources. If these demands are not met, these indus tries can become more accident-prone than they were prior to the introduction of the new technology. In order to identify the human resource needs related to accidents, a diagnostic framework for screening the events preceding accidents is developed. When applied to an accident, the framework generates a subset of events directly related to the accident and expresses these events in terms of human resource activity, in contrast to other approaches which have focused on more conventional equipment or system failure. The framework is illus trated with three commonly known accidents that occurred in the context of new technology. Once the subset of events is obtained by applying the frame work, human resource problems are identified for those events, and some so lutions to the problems are suggested. The human resource problems and so lutions particularly emphasized pertain to training and design of the work routine to avoid vulnerable periods in the work cycle.",
author = "Rae Zimmerman",
year = "1988",
doi = "10.1177/108602668800200304",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "2",
pages = "229--256",
journal = "Organization and Environment",
issn = "1086-0266",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Inc.",
number = "3-4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Understanding industrial accidents associated with new technologies

T2 - A human resources management approach

AU - Zimmerman, Rae

PY - 1988

Y1 - 1988

N2 - The introduction of new technology into existing industries makes unusual demands upon human resources. If these demands are not met, these indus tries can become more accident-prone than they were prior to the introduction of the new technology. In order to identify the human resource needs related to accidents, a diagnostic framework for screening the events preceding accidents is developed. When applied to an accident, the framework generates a subset of events directly related to the accident and expresses these events in terms of human resource activity, in contrast to other approaches which have focused on more conventional equipment or system failure. The framework is illus trated with three commonly known accidents that occurred in the context of new technology. Once the subset of events is obtained by applying the frame work, human resource problems are identified for those events, and some so lutions to the problems are suggested. The human resource problems and so lutions particularly emphasized pertain to training and design of the work routine to avoid vulnerable periods in the work cycle.

AB - The introduction of new technology into existing industries makes unusual demands upon human resources. If these demands are not met, these indus tries can become more accident-prone than they were prior to the introduction of the new technology. In order to identify the human resource needs related to accidents, a diagnostic framework for screening the events preceding accidents is developed. When applied to an accident, the framework generates a subset of events directly related to the accident and expresses these events in terms of human resource activity, in contrast to other approaches which have focused on more conventional equipment or system failure. The framework is illus trated with three commonly known accidents that occurred in the context of new technology. Once the subset of events is obtained by applying the frame work, human resource problems are identified for those events, and some so lutions to the problems are suggested. The human resource problems and so lutions particularly emphasized pertain to training and design of the work routine to avoid vulnerable periods in the work cycle.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84973201240&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84973201240&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/108602668800200304

DO - 10.1177/108602668800200304

M3 - Article

VL - 2

SP - 229

EP - 256

JO - Organization and Environment

JF - Organization and Environment

SN - 1086-0266

IS - 3-4

ER -