Ultrahigh resolution optical coherence tomography in non-exudative age related macular degeneration

C. G. Pieroni, A. J. Witkin, T. H. Ko, J. G. Fujimoto, A. Chan, J. S. Schuman, H. Ishikawa, Elias Reichel, J. S. Duker

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    Abstract

    Aim: To describe the appearance of the non-exudative forms of age related macular degeneration (AMD) as imaged by ultrahigh resolution optical coherence tomography (UHR-OCT). Methods: A UHR-OCT ophthalmic imaging system, which utilises a femtosecond laser light source capable of ∼3 μm axial resolution, was employed to obtain retinal cross sectional images of patients with non-exudative AMD. Observational studies of the resulting retinal images were performed. Results: 52 eyes of 42 patients with the clinical diagnosis of non-exudative AMD were imaged using the UHR-OCT system. 47 of the 52 (90%) eyes had the clinical diagnosis of drusen and/or retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) changes. In these patients, three patterns of drusen were apparent on UHR-OCT: (1) distinct RPE excrescences, (2) a saw toothed pattern of the RPE, and (3) nodular drusen. On UHR-OCT, three eyes (6%) with a clinical diagnosis of non-exudative AMD had evidence of fluid under the retina or RPE. Two of these three patients had findings suspicious for subclinical choroidal neovascularisation on UHR-OCT. Conclusion: With the increased resolution of UHR-OCT compared to standard OCT, the involvement of the outer retinal layers are more clearly defined. UHR-OCT may allow for the detection of early exudative changes not visible clinically or by angiography.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)191-197
    Number of pages7
    JournalBritish Journal of Ophthalmology
    Volume90
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Feb 1 2006

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    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Ophthalmology
    • Sensory Systems
    • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

    Cite this

    Pieroni, C. G., Witkin, A. J., Ko, T. H., Fujimoto, J. G., Chan, A., Schuman, J. S., Ishikawa, H., Reichel, E., & Duker, J. S. (2006). Ultrahigh resolution optical coherence tomography in non-exudative age related macular degeneration. British Journal of Ophthalmology, 90(2), 191-197. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjo.2005.076612