Ultra-thin ultra-smooth and low-loss silver films on a germanium wetting layer

Weiqiang Chen, Mark D. Thoreson, Satoshi Ishii, Alexander V. Kildishev, Vladimir M. Shalaev

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We demonstrate a method to fabricate ultra-thin, ultra-smooth and low-loss silver (Ag) films using a very thin germanium (Ge) layer as a wetting material and a rapid post-annealing treatment. The addition of a Ge wetting layer greatly reduces the surface roughness of Ag films deposited on a glass substrate by electron-beam evaporation. The percolation threshold of Ag films and the minimal thickness of a uniformly continuous Ag film were significantly reduced using a Ge wetting layer in the fabrication. A rapid post-annealing treatment is demonstrated to reduce the loss of the ultra-thin Ag film to the ideal values allowed by the quantum size effect in smaller grains. Using the same wetting method, we have also extended our studies to ultra-smooth silver-silica lamellar composite films with ultra-thin Ag sublayers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5124-5134
Number of pages11
JournalOptics Express
Volume18
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2010

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wetting
germanium
silver
annealing
surface roughness
evaporation
electron beams
silicon dioxide
fabrication
composite materials
thresholds
glass
thin films

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

Cite this

Chen, W., Thoreson, M. D., Ishii, S., Kildishev, A. V., & Shalaev, V. M. (2010). Ultra-thin ultra-smooth and low-loss silver films on a germanium wetting layer. Optics Express, 18(5), 5124-5134. https://doi.org/10.1364/OE.18.005124

Ultra-thin ultra-smooth and low-loss silver films on a germanium wetting layer. / Chen, Weiqiang; Thoreson, Mark D.; Ishii, Satoshi; Kildishev, Alexander V.; Shalaev, Vladimir M.

In: Optics Express, Vol. 18, No. 5, 01.03.2010, p. 5124-5134.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Chen, W, Thoreson, MD, Ishii, S, Kildishev, AV & Shalaev, VM 2010, 'Ultra-thin ultra-smooth and low-loss silver films on a germanium wetting layer', Optics Express, vol. 18, no. 5, pp. 5124-5134. https://doi.org/10.1364/OE.18.005124
Chen, Weiqiang ; Thoreson, Mark D. ; Ishii, Satoshi ; Kildishev, Alexander V. ; Shalaev, Vladimir M. / Ultra-thin ultra-smooth and low-loss silver films on a germanium wetting layer. In: Optics Express. 2010 ; Vol. 18, No. 5. pp. 5124-5134.
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