Typology of religiosity/spirituality in relation to perceived health, depression, and life satisfaction among older Korean immigrants

Soonhee Roh, Yeon Shim Lee, Jae Hoon Lee, James I. Martin

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    Objectives: The objectives of this study were (1) to identify distinct subtypes of older Korean immigrants based on their levels of religiosity/spirituality (R/S) and (2) to determine if the identified subtypes differed by demographic characteristics, perceived health, depression, and life satisfaction.Method: Factor mixture models were evaluated with a nonprobability sample of older Korean immigrants (N = 200) residing in the New York City area in 2009 to classify typologies of R/S. Multiple regression was used to test the associations between the R/S subtypes and outcomes (perceived health, depression, and life satisfaction) while controlling for demographics.Results: Two substantively distinct latent profiles were identified: normally religious/spiritual (average R/S) and minimally religious/spiritual (low R/S). The average R/S subgroup (74.4%) showed higher means than those in the low R/S subgroup (25.6%) on all six R/S class indicators. Subtypes did not differ on age, education, income, marital status, living arrangements, or years in the USA. However, males were more likely than females to be average R/S. The average R/S subtype had significantly greater life satisfaction than their low R/S counterpart. No differences between the two subtypes were found on perceived health or depression.Conclusion: Findings highlight the importance of the classifications of R/S for mental health outcomes, and they indicate that relationships among R/S, various demographic characteristics, and physical/mental health are complex. Future research should validate and refine this classification of R/S in order to help identify particular sources of health risks/behaviors, relevant treatments, and health-promoting interventions within homogenous subtypes of older Korean immigrants.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)444-453
    Number of pages10
    JournalAging and Mental Health
    Volume18
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    StatePublished - May 19 2014

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    Spirituality
    Depression
    Health
    Demography
    Mental Health
    Marital Status

    Keywords

    • aging
    • factor mixture model
    • Korean immigrants
    • life satisfaction
    • religiosity/spirituality

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Phychiatric Mental Health
    • Gerontology
    • Geriatrics and Gerontology
    • Psychiatry and Mental health

    Cite this

    Typology of religiosity/spirituality in relation to perceived health, depression, and life satisfaction among older Korean immigrants. / Roh, Soonhee; Lee, Yeon Shim; Lee, Jae Hoon; Martin, James I.

    In: Aging and Mental Health, Vol. 18, No. 4, 19.05.2014, p. 444-453.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Roh, Soonhee ; Lee, Yeon Shim ; Lee, Jae Hoon ; Martin, James I. / Typology of religiosity/spirituality in relation to perceived health, depression, and life satisfaction among older Korean immigrants. In: Aging and Mental Health. 2014 ; Vol. 18, No. 4. pp. 444-453.
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