Two cases of reciprocal relations for electric and hydrodynamic currents: A rigid polymer in a nano-channel and a polyelectrolyte gel

Payam Rowghanian, Alexander Y. Grosberg

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    We illustrate an Onsager-type linear response theory of electrohydrodynamic coupling for two examples, namely, a long nano-channel blocked partially by a rigid polymer and a gel of semi-flexible polyelectrolyte chains. We calculate the hydrodynamic and electric currents driven by an external voltage and pressure and the corresponding Onsager coefficients for these systems. Our consideration clarifies the effect of the electro-osmotic flow on the effective charge of the polymer inside the channel. It also makes it possible to explore the dependence of the currents through the gel on the electric screening radius and salt concentration.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Article number024902
    JournalJournal of Chemical Physics
    Volume139
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Jul 14 2013

    Fingerprint

    Polyelectrolytes
    electric current
    Polymers
    Hydrodynamics
    Gels
    hydrodynamics
    gels
    Electrohydrodynamics
    electrohydrodynamics
    polymers
    Electric currents
    Screening
    screening
    Salts
    salts
    radii
    Electric potential
    electric potential
    coefficients

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Physics and Astronomy(all)
    • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

    Cite this

    Two cases of reciprocal relations for electric and hydrodynamic currents : A rigid polymer in a nano-channel and a polyelectrolyte gel. / Rowghanian, Payam; Grosberg, Alexander Y.

    In: Journal of Chemical Physics, Vol. 139, No. 2, 024902, 14.07.2013.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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