### Abstract

Large-eddy simulations of thermal convection are presented and discussed for a cube with rough horizontal surfaces. Two types of roughness are considered: uniformly placed pyramids, and grooves aligned parallel to one set of sidewalls. The Rayleigh number is 108, the Prandtl number 0.7, and the aspect ratio 1, as in a previous study [N. Foroozani, J. J. Niemela, V. Armenio, and K. R. Sreenivasan, Phys. Rev. E 95, 033107 (2017)10.1103/PhysRevE.95.033107], except that the meshes here are finer. When the thermal boundary layers are sufficiently large relative to the characteristic roughness height, i.e., for hydrodynamically smooth conditions, the mean properties of the large scale circulation (LSC) are qualitatively similar to the case of smooth surfaces. In particular, the LSC is always aligned along one of the diagonals of the cube. When the boundaries are hydrodynamically rough, the same result holds true only for the case of pyramidal structures; for grooved surfaces, the LSC is forced to be parallel to the sidewalls on average, alternating rapidly between the two diagonals of the cube with a mean period of the order 10 turnover times. Our analysis suggests that the difference from the pyramidal case is due to the breaking of the horizontal x-z symmetry under conditions of hydrodynamical roughness, and the corresponding directional concentration of plume emission along the grooves, from which the LSC is generated, providing a strong restoring force. Furthermore, in this study we observed a small reduction in heat transport for both roughness configurations which is in good agreement with past studies.

Original language | English (US) |
---|---|

Article number | 033116 |

Journal | Physical Review E |

Volume | 99 |

Issue number | 3 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - Mar 28 2019 |

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### ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
- Statistics and Probability
- Condensed Matter Physics

### Cite this

*Physical Review E*,

*99*(3), [033116]. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevE.99.033116

**Turbulent convection and large scale circulation in a cube with rough horizontal surfaces.** / Foroozani, N.; Niemela, J. J.; Armenio, V.; Sreenivasan, Katepalli.

Research output: Contribution to journal › Article

*Physical Review E*, vol. 99, no. 3, 033116. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevE.99.033116

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Turbulent convection and large scale circulation in a cube with rough horizontal surfaces

AU - Foroozani, N.

AU - Niemela, J. J.

AU - Armenio, V.

AU - Sreenivasan, Katepalli

PY - 2019/3/28

Y1 - 2019/3/28

N2 - Large-eddy simulations of thermal convection are presented and discussed for a cube with rough horizontal surfaces. Two types of roughness are considered: uniformly placed pyramids, and grooves aligned parallel to one set of sidewalls. The Rayleigh number is 108, the Prandtl number 0.7, and the aspect ratio 1, as in a previous study [N. Foroozani, J. J. Niemela, V. Armenio, and K. R. Sreenivasan, Phys. Rev. E 95, 033107 (2017)10.1103/PhysRevE.95.033107], except that the meshes here are finer. When the thermal boundary layers are sufficiently large relative to the characteristic roughness height, i.e., for hydrodynamically smooth conditions, the mean properties of the large scale circulation (LSC) are qualitatively similar to the case of smooth surfaces. In particular, the LSC is always aligned along one of the diagonals of the cube. When the boundaries are hydrodynamically rough, the same result holds true only for the case of pyramidal structures; for grooved surfaces, the LSC is forced to be parallel to the sidewalls on average, alternating rapidly between the two diagonals of the cube with a mean period of the order 10 turnover times. Our analysis suggests that the difference from the pyramidal case is due to the breaking of the horizontal x-z symmetry under conditions of hydrodynamical roughness, and the corresponding directional concentration of plume emission along the grooves, from which the LSC is generated, providing a strong restoring force. Furthermore, in this study we observed a small reduction in heat transport for both roughness configurations which is in good agreement with past studies.

AB - Large-eddy simulations of thermal convection are presented and discussed for a cube with rough horizontal surfaces. Two types of roughness are considered: uniformly placed pyramids, and grooves aligned parallel to one set of sidewalls. The Rayleigh number is 108, the Prandtl number 0.7, and the aspect ratio 1, as in a previous study [N. Foroozani, J. J. Niemela, V. Armenio, and K. R. Sreenivasan, Phys. Rev. E 95, 033107 (2017)10.1103/PhysRevE.95.033107], except that the meshes here are finer. When the thermal boundary layers are sufficiently large relative to the characteristic roughness height, i.e., for hydrodynamically smooth conditions, the mean properties of the large scale circulation (LSC) are qualitatively similar to the case of smooth surfaces. In particular, the LSC is always aligned along one of the diagonals of the cube. When the boundaries are hydrodynamically rough, the same result holds true only for the case of pyramidal structures; for grooved surfaces, the LSC is forced to be parallel to the sidewalls on average, alternating rapidly between the two diagonals of the cube with a mean period of the order 10 turnover times. Our analysis suggests that the difference from the pyramidal case is due to the breaking of the horizontal x-z symmetry under conditions of hydrodynamical roughness, and the corresponding directional concentration of plume emission along the grooves, from which the LSC is generated, providing a strong restoring force. Furthermore, in this study we observed a small reduction in heat transport for both roughness configurations which is in good agreement with past studies.

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U2 - 10.1103/PhysRevE.99.033116

DO - 10.1103/PhysRevE.99.033116

M3 - Article

C2 - 30999449

AN - SCOPUS:85064081694

VL - 99

JO - Physical Review E - Statistical Physics, Plasmas, Fluids, and Related Interdisciplinary Topics

JF - Physical Review E - Statistical Physics, Plasmas, Fluids, and Related Interdisciplinary Topics

SN - 1063-651X

IS - 3

M1 - 033116

ER -