Trochoidal trajectories of self-propelled Janus particles in a diverging laser beam

Henrique Moyses, Jérémie Palacci, Stefano Sacanna, David G. Grier

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We describe colloidal Janus particles with metallic and dielectric faces that swim vigorously when illuminated by defocused optical tweezers without consuming any chemical fuel. Rather than wandering randomly, these optically-activated colloidal swimmers circulate back and forth through the beam of light, tracing out sinuous rosette patterns. We propose a model for this mode of light-activated transport that accounts for the observed behavior through a combination of self-thermophoresis and optically-induced torque. In the deterministic limit, this model yields trajectories that resemble rosette curves known as hypotrochoids.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6357-6364
Number of pages8
JournalSoft Matter
Volume12
Issue number30
DOIs
StatePublished - 2016

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Janus
Laser beams
chemical fuels
Trajectories
trajectories
laser beams
thermophoresis
tracing
Thermophoresis
Optical tweezers
torque
curves
Torque

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Trochoidal trajectories of self-propelled Janus particles in a diverging laser beam. / Moyses, Henrique; Palacci, Jérémie; Sacanna, Stefano; Grier, David G.

In: Soft Matter, Vol. 12, No. 30, 2016, p. 6357-6364.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Moyses, Henrique ; Palacci, Jérémie ; Sacanna, Stefano ; Grier, David G. / Trochoidal trajectories of self-propelled Janus particles in a diverging laser beam. In: Soft Matter. 2016 ; Vol. 12, No. 30. pp. 6357-6364.
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