Transformation from a Retinal to a Cyclopean Representation in Human Visual Cortex

Martijn Barendregt, Ben M. Harvey, Bas Rokers, Serge O. Dumoulin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We experience our visual world as seen from a single viewpoint, even though our two eyes receive slightly different images. One role of the visual system is to combine the two retinal images into a single representation of the visual field, sometimes called the cyclopean image [1]. Conventional terminology, i.e. retinotopy, implies that the topographic organization of visual areas is maintained throughout visual cortex [2]. However, following the hypothesis that a transformation occurs from a representation of the two retinal images (retinotopy) to a representation of a single cyclopean image (cyclopotopy), we set out to identify the stage in visual processing at which this transformation occurs in the human brain. Using binocular stimuli, population receptive field mapping (pRF), and ultra-high-field (7 T) fMRI, we find that responses in striate cortex (V1) best reflect stimulus position in the two retinal images. In extrastriate cortex (from V2 to LO), on the other hand, responses better reflect stimulus position in the cyclopean image. These results pinpoint the location of the transformation from a retinal to a cyclopean representation and contribute to an understanding of the transition from sensory to perceptual stimulus space in the human brain.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1982-1987
Number of pages6
JournalCurrent Biology
Volume25
Issue number15
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 3 2015

Fingerprint

Retinaldehyde
Visual Cortex
Brain
brain
Binoculars
terminology
Terminology
cortex
eyes
Visual Fields
Processing
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Population
visual cortex

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

Cite this

Barendregt, M., Harvey, B. M., Rokers, B., & Dumoulin, S. O. (2015). Transformation from a Retinal to a Cyclopean Representation in Human Visual Cortex. Current Biology, 25(15), 1982-1987. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2015.06.003

Transformation from a Retinal to a Cyclopean Representation in Human Visual Cortex. / Barendregt, Martijn; Harvey, Ben M.; Rokers, Bas; Dumoulin, Serge O.

In: Current Biology, Vol. 25, No. 15, 03.08.2015, p. 1982-1987.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Barendregt, M, Harvey, BM, Rokers, B & Dumoulin, SO 2015, 'Transformation from a Retinal to a Cyclopean Representation in Human Visual Cortex', Current Biology, vol. 25, no. 15, pp. 1982-1987. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2015.06.003
Barendregt, Martijn ; Harvey, Ben M. ; Rokers, Bas ; Dumoulin, Serge O. / Transformation from a Retinal to a Cyclopean Representation in Human Visual Cortex. In: Current Biology. 2015 ; Vol. 25, No. 15. pp. 1982-1987.
@article{a9ab00ab339e4512bd74daad3d472247,
title = "Transformation from a Retinal to a Cyclopean Representation in Human Visual Cortex",
abstract = "We experience our visual world as seen from a single viewpoint, even though our two eyes receive slightly different images. One role of the visual system is to combine the two retinal images into a single representation of the visual field, sometimes called the cyclopean image [1]. Conventional terminology, i.e. retinotopy, implies that the topographic organization of visual areas is maintained throughout visual cortex [2]. However, following the hypothesis that a transformation occurs from a representation of the two retinal images (retinotopy) to a representation of a single cyclopean image (cyclopotopy), we set out to identify the stage in visual processing at which this transformation occurs in the human brain. Using binocular stimuli, population receptive field mapping (pRF), and ultra-high-field (7 T) fMRI, we find that responses in striate cortex (V1) best reflect stimulus position in the two retinal images. In extrastriate cortex (from V2 to LO), on the other hand, responses better reflect stimulus position in the cyclopean image. These results pinpoint the location of the transformation from a retinal to a cyclopean representation and contribute to an understanding of the transition from sensory to perceptual stimulus space in the human brain.",
author = "Martijn Barendregt and Harvey, {Ben M.} and Bas Rokers and Dumoulin, {Serge O.}",
year = "2015",
month = "8",
day = "3",
doi = "10.1016/j.cub.2015.06.003",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "25",
pages = "1982--1987",
journal = "Current Biology",
issn = "0960-9822",
publisher = "Cell Press",
number = "15",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Transformation from a Retinal to a Cyclopean Representation in Human Visual Cortex

AU - Barendregt, Martijn

AU - Harvey, Ben M.

AU - Rokers, Bas

AU - Dumoulin, Serge O.

PY - 2015/8/3

Y1 - 2015/8/3

N2 - We experience our visual world as seen from a single viewpoint, even though our two eyes receive slightly different images. One role of the visual system is to combine the two retinal images into a single representation of the visual field, sometimes called the cyclopean image [1]. Conventional terminology, i.e. retinotopy, implies that the topographic organization of visual areas is maintained throughout visual cortex [2]. However, following the hypothesis that a transformation occurs from a representation of the two retinal images (retinotopy) to a representation of a single cyclopean image (cyclopotopy), we set out to identify the stage in visual processing at which this transformation occurs in the human brain. Using binocular stimuli, population receptive field mapping (pRF), and ultra-high-field (7 T) fMRI, we find that responses in striate cortex (V1) best reflect stimulus position in the two retinal images. In extrastriate cortex (from V2 to LO), on the other hand, responses better reflect stimulus position in the cyclopean image. These results pinpoint the location of the transformation from a retinal to a cyclopean representation and contribute to an understanding of the transition from sensory to perceptual stimulus space in the human brain.

AB - We experience our visual world as seen from a single viewpoint, even though our two eyes receive slightly different images. One role of the visual system is to combine the two retinal images into a single representation of the visual field, sometimes called the cyclopean image [1]. Conventional terminology, i.e. retinotopy, implies that the topographic organization of visual areas is maintained throughout visual cortex [2]. However, following the hypothesis that a transformation occurs from a representation of the two retinal images (retinotopy) to a representation of a single cyclopean image (cyclopotopy), we set out to identify the stage in visual processing at which this transformation occurs in the human brain. Using binocular stimuli, population receptive field mapping (pRF), and ultra-high-field (7 T) fMRI, we find that responses in striate cortex (V1) best reflect stimulus position in the two retinal images. In extrastriate cortex (from V2 to LO), on the other hand, responses better reflect stimulus position in the cyclopean image. These results pinpoint the location of the transformation from a retinal to a cyclopean representation and contribute to an understanding of the transition from sensory to perceptual stimulus space in the human brain.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84938751759&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84938751759&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.cub.2015.06.003

DO - 10.1016/j.cub.2015.06.003

M3 - Article

C2 - 26144967

AN - SCOPUS:84938751759

VL - 25

SP - 1982

EP - 1987

JO - Current Biology

JF - Current Biology

SN - 0960-9822

IS - 15

ER -