Transferring Stroke Knowledge from Children to Parents

A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Community Stroke Educational Programs

Daudet Ilunga Tshiswaka, Laura E. Sikes, Juliet Iwelunmor, Olugbenga Ogedegbe, Olajide Williams

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis on child-to-parent communication of stroke information (Child-Mediated Stroke Communication, CMSC) is to provide the highest levels of evidence supporting the role of this approach in community education. Methods: Databases such as PubMed, Google Scholar, PsycINFO, Web of Science, MEDLINE, and CINHAL were searched to gather information on CMSC followed by a meta-analysis. The eligibility criteria were as follows: (a) children aged 9-15 years and parents, (b) randomized or nonrandomized trials, and (c) outcome variables that included the proportions of parents answering the pretest and post-test on stroke knowledge regarding risk factors, symptoms, and what to do in the event of stroke. Results: Of the 1668 retrieved studies, 9 articles were included. Meta-analytical findings yielded that the proportions of correct answers for stroke symptoms and its risk factors among parents were 0.686 (95% CI: 0.594-0.777) at baseline and increased to 0.847 (95% CI: 0.808-0.886) at immediate post-test and 0.845 (95% CI: 0.804-0.886) delayed post-test. The proportions of correct answers for behavioral intent to call 911 when witnessing stroke was 0.712 (95% CI: 0.578-0.846) at baseline, rising to 0.860 (95% CI: 0.767-0.953) at immediate post-test, and 0.846 (95% CI: 0.688-1.004) at delayed post-test. Conclusions: CMSC is effective for educating families. More work is needed to increase the use of validated stroke literacy instruments and behavioral theory, and to reduce parental attrition in research studies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2018

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Meta-Analysis
Parents
Stroke
Communication
PubMed
MEDLINE
Databases
Education
Research

Keywords

  • Child-mediated stroke communication—tissue plasminogen activator—Hip-Hop stroke—stroke symptoms—stroke risk factors—911 behavioral intent—systematic review—meta-analysis.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Rehabilitation
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

Transferring Stroke Knowledge from Children to Parents : A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Community Stroke Educational Programs. / Ilunga Tshiswaka, Daudet; Sikes, Laura E.; Iwelunmor, Juliet; Ogedegbe, Olugbenga; Williams, Olajide.

In: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases, 01.01.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Background: The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis on child-to-parent communication of stroke information (Child-Mediated Stroke Communication, CMSC) is to provide the highest levels of evidence supporting the role of this approach in community education. Methods: Databases such as PubMed, Google Scholar, PsycINFO, Web of Science, MEDLINE, and CINHAL were searched to gather information on CMSC followed by a meta-analysis. The eligibility criteria were as follows: (a) children aged 9-15 years and parents, (b) randomized or nonrandomized trials, and (c) outcome variables that included the proportions of parents answering the pretest and post-test on stroke knowledge regarding risk factors, symptoms, and what to do in the event of stroke. Results: Of the 1668 retrieved studies, 9 articles were included. Meta-analytical findings yielded that the proportions of correct answers for stroke symptoms and its risk factors among parents were 0.686 (95{\%} CI: 0.594-0.777) at baseline and increased to 0.847 (95{\%} CI: 0.808-0.886) at immediate post-test and 0.845 (95{\%} CI: 0.804-0.886) delayed post-test. The proportions of correct answers for behavioral intent to call 911 when witnessing stroke was 0.712 (95{\%} CI: 0.578-0.846) at baseline, rising to 0.860 (95{\%} CI: 0.767-0.953) at immediate post-test, and 0.846 (95{\%} CI: 0.688-1.004) at delayed post-test. Conclusions: CMSC is effective for educating families. More work is needed to increase the use of validated stroke literacy instruments and behavioral theory, and to reduce parental attrition in research studies.",
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