Toward the testing of instruments to be used in identifying severely mentally retarded children

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The identification of severely mentally retarded children in developing countries is an extremely challenging task; it is made even more difficult if one aims to obtain prevalence and incidence rates that are comparable in different countries. It is the premise of this paper that before such an awesome task is initiated, pilot tests must be run to develop measurement tools that work in each of the countries to be studied. Primary attention has been placed on the development of a screening measure that presumably will be used to identify children who will be examined further by a diagnostician. Although costly, a two-stage process of case identification has many advantages, including less biased estimation of rates of rare disorders such as severe mental retardation and a reduction in the number of children missed who need treatment. While the specifics of the diagnostic stage of the case-identification procedure are yet to be worked out, we should proceed to pilot testing of the Belmont screening measure, not only to develop and test it further in the field but also to gain a concrete idea of the feasibility of working in the various developing countries around the world.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)100-106
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Mental Health
Volume10
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1981

Fingerprint

Mentally Disabled Persons
Developing Countries
developing country
number of children
Intellectual Disability
diagnostic
incidence
Incidence
Therapeutics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Psychology(all)
  • Health(social science)
  • Health Professions(all)

Cite this

@article{143b1195a7534d8483df2c20d63e6aa1,
title = "Toward the testing of instruments to be used in identifying severely mentally retarded children",
abstract = "The identification of severely mentally retarded children in developing countries is an extremely challenging task; it is made even more difficult if one aims to obtain prevalence and incidence rates that are comparable in different countries. It is the premise of this paper that before such an awesome task is initiated, pilot tests must be run to develop measurement tools that work in each of the countries to be studied. Primary attention has been placed on the development of a screening measure that presumably will be used to identify children who will be examined further by a diagnostician. Although costly, a two-stage process of case identification has many advantages, including less biased estimation of rates of rare disorders such as severe mental retardation and a reduction in the number of children missed who need treatment. While the specifics of the diagnostic stage of the case-identification procedure are yet to be worked out, we should proceed to pilot testing of the Belmont screening measure, not only to develop and test it further in the field but also to gain a concrete idea of the feasibility of working in the various developing countries around the world.",
author = "Patrick Shrout",
year = "1981",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "10",
pages = "100--106",
journal = "International Journal of Mental Health",
issn = "0020-7411",
publisher = "M.E. Sharpe Inc.",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Toward the testing of instruments to be used in identifying severely mentally retarded children

AU - Shrout, Patrick

PY - 1981

Y1 - 1981

N2 - The identification of severely mentally retarded children in developing countries is an extremely challenging task; it is made even more difficult if one aims to obtain prevalence and incidence rates that are comparable in different countries. It is the premise of this paper that before such an awesome task is initiated, pilot tests must be run to develop measurement tools that work in each of the countries to be studied. Primary attention has been placed on the development of a screening measure that presumably will be used to identify children who will be examined further by a diagnostician. Although costly, a two-stage process of case identification has many advantages, including less biased estimation of rates of rare disorders such as severe mental retardation and a reduction in the number of children missed who need treatment. While the specifics of the diagnostic stage of the case-identification procedure are yet to be worked out, we should proceed to pilot testing of the Belmont screening measure, not only to develop and test it further in the field but also to gain a concrete idea of the feasibility of working in the various developing countries around the world.

AB - The identification of severely mentally retarded children in developing countries is an extremely challenging task; it is made even more difficult if one aims to obtain prevalence and incidence rates that are comparable in different countries. It is the premise of this paper that before such an awesome task is initiated, pilot tests must be run to develop measurement tools that work in each of the countries to be studied. Primary attention has been placed on the development of a screening measure that presumably will be used to identify children who will be examined further by a diagnostician. Although costly, a two-stage process of case identification has many advantages, including less biased estimation of rates of rare disorders such as severe mental retardation and a reduction in the number of children missed who need treatment. While the specifics of the diagnostic stage of the case-identification procedure are yet to be worked out, we should proceed to pilot testing of the Belmont screening measure, not only to develop and test it further in the field but also to gain a concrete idea of the feasibility of working in the various developing countries around the world.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0019794384&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0019794384&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 10

SP - 100

EP - 106

JO - International Journal of Mental Health

JF - International Journal of Mental Health

SN - 0020-7411

IS - 1

ER -