Topological mass generation in four dimensions

Gia Dvali, R. Jackiw, So Young Pi

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    We show that in a large class of physically interesting systems the mass-generation phenomenon can be understood in terms of topological structures, without requiring a detailed knowledge of the underlying dynamics. This is first demonstrated by showing that Schwinger's mechanism for mass generation relies on topological structures of a two-dimensional gauge theory. In the same manner, corresponding four-dimensional topological entities give rise to topological mass generation in four dimensions. This formulation offers a unified topological description of some seemingly unrelated phenomena, such as two-dimensional superconductivity, and the generation of η′ and axion masses by QCD, and possibly by gravity.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Article number081602
    JournalPhysical Review Letters
    Volume96
    Issue number8
    DOIs
    StatePublished - 2006

    Fingerprint

    gauge theory
    superconductivity
    quantum chromodynamics
    gravitation
    formulations

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Physics and Astronomy(all)

    Cite this

    Topological mass generation in four dimensions. / Dvali, Gia; Jackiw, R.; Pi, So Young.

    In: Physical Review Letters, Vol. 96, No. 8, 081602, 2006.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Dvali, Gia ; Jackiw, R. ; Pi, So Young. / Topological mass generation in four dimensions. In: Physical Review Letters. 2006 ; Vol. 96, No. 8.
    @article{34232c039da94bd28906a4d730f13d30,
    title = "Topological mass generation in four dimensions",
    abstract = "We show that in a large class of physically interesting systems the mass-generation phenomenon can be understood in terms of topological structures, without requiring a detailed knowledge of the underlying dynamics. This is first demonstrated by showing that Schwinger's mechanism for mass generation relies on topological structures of a two-dimensional gauge theory. In the same manner, corresponding four-dimensional topological entities give rise to topological mass generation in four dimensions. This formulation offers a unified topological description of some seemingly unrelated phenomena, such as two-dimensional superconductivity, and the generation of η′ and axion masses by QCD, and possibly by gravity.",
    author = "Gia Dvali and R. Jackiw and Pi, {So Young}",
    year = "2006",
    doi = "10.1103/PhysRevLett.96.081602",
    language = "English (US)",
    volume = "96",
    journal = "Physical Review Letters",
    issn = "0031-9007",
    publisher = "American Physical Society",
    number = "8",

    }

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Topological mass generation in four dimensions

    AU - Dvali, Gia

    AU - Jackiw, R.

    AU - Pi, So Young

    PY - 2006

    Y1 - 2006

    N2 - We show that in a large class of physically interesting systems the mass-generation phenomenon can be understood in terms of topological structures, without requiring a detailed knowledge of the underlying dynamics. This is first demonstrated by showing that Schwinger's mechanism for mass generation relies on topological structures of a two-dimensional gauge theory. In the same manner, corresponding four-dimensional topological entities give rise to topological mass generation in four dimensions. This formulation offers a unified topological description of some seemingly unrelated phenomena, such as two-dimensional superconductivity, and the generation of η′ and axion masses by QCD, and possibly by gravity.

    AB - We show that in a large class of physically interesting systems the mass-generation phenomenon can be understood in terms of topological structures, without requiring a detailed knowledge of the underlying dynamics. This is first demonstrated by showing that Schwinger's mechanism for mass generation relies on topological structures of a two-dimensional gauge theory. In the same manner, corresponding four-dimensional topological entities give rise to topological mass generation in four dimensions. This formulation offers a unified topological description of some seemingly unrelated phenomena, such as two-dimensional superconductivity, and the generation of η′ and axion masses by QCD, and possibly by gravity.

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=33644657080&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=33644657080&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    U2 - 10.1103/PhysRevLett.96.081602

    DO - 10.1103/PhysRevLett.96.081602

    M3 - Article

    AN - SCOPUS:33644657080

    VL - 96

    JO - Physical Review Letters

    JF - Physical Review Letters

    SN - 0031-9007

    IS - 8

    M1 - 081602

    ER -