Tobacco smoking using Midwakh is an emerging health problem - evidence from a large cross-sectional survey in the United Arab Emirates

Mohammed Al-Houqani, Raghib Ali, Cother Hajat

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    Introduction: Accurate information about the prevalence and types of tobacco use is essential to deliver effective public health policy. We aimed to study the prevalence and modes of tobacco consumption in the United Arab Emirates (UAE), particularly focusing on the use of Midwakh (Arabic traditional pipe). Methods: We studied 170,430 UAE nationals aged ≥18 years (44% males and 56% females) in the Weqaya population-based screening program in Abu Dhabi residents during the period April 2008-June 2010. Self-reported smoking status, type, quantity and duration of tobacco smoked were recorded. Descriptive statistics were used to describe the study findings; prevalence rates used the screened sample as the denominator. Result: The prevalence of smoking overall was 24.3% in males and 0.8% in females and highest in males aged 20-39. Mean age (SD) of smokers was 32.8 (11.1) years, 32.7 (11.1) in males and 35.7 (12.1) in females. Cigarette smoking was the commonest form of tobacco use (77.4% of smokers), followed by Midwakh (15.0%), shisha (waterpipe) (6.8%), and cigar (0.66%). The mean durations of smoking for cigarettes, Midwakh, shisha and cigars were 11.4, 9.3, 7.6 and 11.0 years, respectively. Conclusions: Smoking is most common among younger UAE national men. The use of Midwakh and the relatively young age of onset of Midwakh smokers is of particular concern as is the possibility of the habit spreading to other countries. Comprehensive tobacco control laws targeting the young and the use of Midwakh are needed.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Article numbere39189
    JournalPLoS One
    Volume7
    Issue number6
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Jun 15 2012

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    United Arab Emirates
    smoking (habit)
    Tobacco
    Medical problems
    cross-sectional studies
    Tobacco Products
    Cross-Sectional Studies
    Smoking
    tobacco use
    tobacco
    Health
    Tobacco Use
    health policy
    duration
    public policy
    pipes
    Public health
    public health
    statistics
    Public Policy

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
    • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

    Cite this

    Tobacco smoking using Midwakh is an emerging health problem - evidence from a large cross-sectional survey in the United Arab Emirates. / Al-Houqani, Mohammed; Ali, Raghib; Hajat, Cother.

    In: PLoS One, Vol. 7, No. 6, e39189, 15.06.2012.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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    abstract = "Introduction: Accurate information about the prevalence and types of tobacco use is essential to deliver effective public health policy. We aimed to study the prevalence and modes of tobacco consumption in the United Arab Emirates (UAE), particularly focusing on the use of Midwakh (Arabic traditional pipe). Methods: We studied 170,430 UAE nationals aged ≥18 years (44{\%} males and 56{\%} females) in the Weqaya population-based screening program in Abu Dhabi residents during the period April 2008-June 2010. Self-reported smoking status, type, quantity and duration of tobacco smoked were recorded. Descriptive statistics were used to describe the study findings; prevalence rates used the screened sample as the denominator. Result: The prevalence of smoking overall was 24.3{\%} in males and 0.8{\%} in females and highest in males aged 20-39. Mean age (SD) of smokers was 32.8 (11.1) years, 32.7 (11.1) in males and 35.7 (12.1) in females. Cigarette smoking was the commonest form of tobacco use (77.4{\%} of smokers), followed by Midwakh (15.0{\%}), shisha (waterpipe) (6.8{\%}), and cigar (0.66{\%}). The mean durations of smoking for cigarettes, Midwakh, shisha and cigars were 11.4, 9.3, 7.6 and 11.0 years, respectively. Conclusions: Smoking is most common among younger UAE national men. The use of Midwakh and the relatively young age of onset of Midwakh smokers is of particular concern as is the possibility of the habit spreading to other countries. Comprehensive tobacco control laws targeting the young and the use of Midwakh are needed.",
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