Thinking about Arabs and Muslims makes Americans shoot faster: Effects of category accessibility on aggressive responses in a shooter paradigm

Jessica Mange, Woo Young Chun, Keren Sharvit, Jocelyn Belanger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Is the same person perceived as more dangerous if the perceiver is induced to think about Arab and Muslim categories versus no category? Using the shooter paradigm, this study investigated the effects of the accessibility of ethnic (Arab) versus religious (Muslim) categories versus no category on spontaneous aggressive responses toward a target with an ambiguous appearance. Results demonstrated that shooting reactions toward armed targets were faster than non-shooting reactions toward unarmed targets, especially if the target was a man. Despite these main effects, participants made faster decisions to shoot an ambiguous armed target if primed with the category Arab or Muslim (versus no category priming). The findings indicate that the mere priming of these social categories is sufficient to facilitate aggressive responses, even if the targets themselves are ambiguous.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)552-556
Number of pages5
JournalEuropean Journal of Social Psychology
Volume42
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2012

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology

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Thinking about Arabs and Muslims makes Americans shoot faster : Effects of category accessibility on aggressive responses in a shooter paradigm. / Mange, Jessica; Chun, Woo Young; Sharvit, Keren; Belanger, Jocelyn.

In: European Journal of Social Psychology, Vol. 42, No. 5, 01.08.2012, p. 552-556.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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