Theory of thermal transitions in low molecular weight RNA chains

Neville R. Kallenbach

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

A statistical mechanical theory of thermal transitions in short polynucleotide chains which achieve their secondary structure primarily by intramolecular complementary base-pair interactions is described. Thermal transition profiles for a large class of possible arrangements of base-pairs in short RNA chains can be calculated from the theory, using parameters derived from the thermal denaturation of high molecular weight RNA double-helices. Effects of length, base composition and configuration are discussed quantitatively. The theory is applied to calculating melting curves of three yeast tRNA species, for which experimental data are available. In the case of yeast serine tRNA, close agreement between the profile predicted from the "clover-leaf" structural model is found. The alanine and tyrosine models lead to profiles sharper than those observed, although the data are not so extensive for these later species. Certain quantities of interest apart from those usually measured in thermal denaturation studies can be calculated from the theory.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)445-466
Number of pages22
JournalJournal of Molecular Biology
Volume37
Issue number3
StatePublished - Nov 14 1968

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Hot Temperature
Molecular Weight
RNA
Transfer RNA
Base Pairing
Yeasts
Medicago
Polynucleotides
Structural Models
Base Composition
Alanine
Serine
Freezing
Tyrosine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Virology

Cite this

Theory of thermal transitions in low molecular weight RNA chains. / Kallenbach, Neville R.

In: Journal of Molecular Biology, Vol. 37, No. 3, 14.11.1968, p. 445-466.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kallenbach, Neville R. / Theory of thermal transitions in low molecular weight RNA chains. In: Journal of Molecular Biology. 1968 ; Vol. 37, No. 3. pp. 445-466.
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