The zoogeographic and phylogenetic relationships of early catarrhine primates in Asia

Terry Harrison

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    Catarrhines originated in Afro-Arabia during the Paleogene, and were restricted to this zoogeographic province until the early Miocene. During this period of isolation, several major clades of catarrhines originated. The pliopithecoids were the first catarrhines to migrate out of Africa at ∼18-20 Ma, while contemporary proconsulids and dendropithecids may have been restricted to Afro-Arabia. Hominoids and Old World monkeys originated in Africa prior to 20 Ma, but neither clade became an important component of the catarrhine fauna until the middle to late Miocene. At ∼15-17 Ma, hominoids expanded into Eurasia, while cercopithecids arrived somewhat later, during the late Miocene. The earliest catarrhines in Eurasia, Dionysopithecus and Platodontopithecus from Sihong in China (∼17-18 Ma), represent the primitive sister group of all other pliopithecoids. From this ancestral stock in Asia, the more specialized pliopithecines extended their range westwards into Europe by ∼16-17 Ma, where a pliopithecine-like common ancestor gave rise to the crouzeliines. The only known crouzeliine from Asia, Laccopithecus, from the late Miocene of China, points to a late arrival of this clade in the region. Small catarrhines from the middle Miocene of Pakistan (∼16-17 Ma), and new material from China, may possibly have closer ties with dendropithecids, proconsulids, or hylobatids.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)43-51
    Number of pages9
    JournalAnthropological Science
    Volume113
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Apr 2005

    Fingerprint

    China
    Pakistan
    social isolation
    Group

    Keywords

    • Africa
    • Catarrhines
    • China
    • Miocene
    • Phylogeny

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Anthropology

    Cite this

    The zoogeographic and phylogenetic relationships of early catarrhine primates in Asia. / Harrison, Terry.

    In: Anthropological Science, Vol. 113, No. 1, 04.2005, p. 43-51.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    @article{d3133522dc974c8c8b3747218d63781f,
    title = "The zoogeographic and phylogenetic relationships of early catarrhine primates in Asia",
    abstract = "Catarrhines originated in Afro-Arabia during the Paleogene, and were restricted to this zoogeographic province until the early Miocene. During this period of isolation, several major clades of catarrhines originated. The pliopithecoids were the first catarrhines to migrate out of Africa at ∼18-20 Ma, while contemporary proconsulids and dendropithecids may have been restricted to Afro-Arabia. Hominoids and Old World monkeys originated in Africa prior to 20 Ma, but neither clade became an important component of the catarrhine fauna until the middle to late Miocene. At ∼15-17 Ma, hominoids expanded into Eurasia, while cercopithecids arrived somewhat later, during the late Miocene. The earliest catarrhines in Eurasia, Dionysopithecus and Platodontopithecus from Sihong in China (∼17-18 Ma), represent the primitive sister group of all other pliopithecoids. From this ancestral stock in Asia, the more specialized pliopithecines extended their range westwards into Europe by ∼16-17 Ma, where a pliopithecine-like common ancestor gave rise to the crouzeliines. The only known crouzeliine from Asia, Laccopithecus, from the late Miocene of China, points to a late arrival of this clade in the region. Small catarrhines from the middle Miocene of Pakistan (∼16-17 Ma), and new material from China, may possibly have closer ties with dendropithecids, proconsulids, or hylobatids.",
    keywords = "Africa, Catarrhines, China, Miocene, Phylogeny",
    author = "Terry Harrison",
    year = "2005",
    month = "4",
    doi = "10.1537/ase.04S006",
    language = "English (US)",
    volume = "113",
    pages = "43--51",
    journal = "Anthropological Science",
    issn = "0918-7960",
    publisher = "Anthropological Society of Nippon",
    number = "1",

    }

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - The zoogeographic and phylogenetic relationships of early catarrhine primates in Asia

    AU - Harrison, Terry

    PY - 2005/4

    Y1 - 2005/4

    N2 - Catarrhines originated in Afro-Arabia during the Paleogene, and were restricted to this zoogeographic province until the early Miocene. During this period of isolation, several major clades of catarrhines originated. The pliopithecoids were the first catarrhines to migrate out of Africa at ∼18-20 Ma, while contemporary proconsulids and dendropithecids may have been restricted to Afro-Arabia. Hominoids and Old World monkeys originated in Africa prior to 20 Ma, but neither clade became an important component of the catarrhine fauna until the middle to late Miocene. At ∼15-17 Ma, hominoids expanded into Eurasia, while cercopithecids arrived somewhat later, during the late Miocene. The earliest catarrhines in Eurasia, Dionysopithecus and Platodontopithecus from Sihong in China (∼17-18 Ma), represent the primitive sister group of all other pliopithecoids. From this ancestral stock in Asia, the more specialized pliopithecines extended their range westwards into Europe by ∼16-17 Ma, where a pliopithecine-like common ancestor gave rise to the crouzeliines. The only known crouzeliine from Asia, Laccopithecus, from the late Miocene of China, points to a late arrival of this clade in the region. Small catarrhines from the middle Miocene of Pakistan (∼16-17 Ma), and new material from China, may possibly have closer ties with dendropithecids, proconsulids, or hylobatids.

    AB - Catarrhines originated in Afro-Arabia during the Paleogene, and were restricted to this zoogeographic province until the early Miocene. During this period of isolation, several major clades of catarrhines originated. The pliopithecoids were the first catarrhines to migrate out of Africa at ∼18-20 Ma, while contemporary proconsulids and dendropithecids may have been restricted to Afro-Arabia. Hominoids and Old World monkeys originated in Africa prior to 20 Ma, but neither clade became an important component of the catarrhine fauna until the middle to late Miocene. At ∼15-17 Ma, hominoids expanded into Eurasia, while cercopithecids arrived somewhat later, during the late Miocene. The earliest catarrhines in Eurasia, Dionysopithecus and Platodontopithecus from Sihong in China (∼17-18 Ma), represent the primitive sister group of all other pliopithecoids. From this ancestral stock in Asia, the more specialized pliopithecines extended their range westwards into Europe by ∼16-17 Ma, where a pliopithecine-like common ancestor gave rise to the crouzeliines. The only known crouzeliine from Asia, Laccopithecus, from the late Miocene of China, points to a late arrival of this clade in the region. Small catarrhines from the middle Miocene of Pakistan (∼16-17 Ma), and new material from China, may possibly have closer ties with dendropithecids, proconsulids, or hylobatids.

    KW - Africa

    KW - Catarrhines

    KW - China

    KW - Miocene

    KW - Phylogeny

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=22244463205&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=22244463205&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    U2 - 10.1537/ase.04S006

    DO - 10.1537/ase.04S006

    M3 - Article

    AN - SCOPUS:22244463205

    VL - 113

    SP - 43

    EP - 51

    JO - Anthropological Science

    JF - Anthropological Science

    SN - 0918-7960

    IS - 1

    ER -