The XENON100 dark matter experiment

E. Aprile, K. Arisaka, Francesco Arneodo, A. Askin, L. Baudis, A. Behrens, E. Brown, J. M.R. Cardoso, B. Choi, D. Cline, S. Fattori, A. D. Ferella, K. L. Giboni, A. Kish, C. W. Lam, R. F. Lang, K. E. Lim, J. A.M. Lopes, T. Marrodán Undagoitia, Y. MeiA. J. Melgarejo Fernandez, K. Ni, U. Oberlack, S. E.A. Orrigo, E. Pantic, G. Plante, A. C.C. Ribeiro, R. Santorelli, J. M.F. Dos Santos, M. Schumann, P. Shagin, A. Teymourian, E. Tziaferi, H. Wang, M. Yamashita

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The XENON100 dark matter experiment uses liquid xenon (LXe) in a time projection chamber (TPC) to search for xenon nuclear recoils resulting from the scattering of dark matter Weakly Interacting Massive Particles (WIMPs). In this paper we present a detailed description of the detector design and present performance results, as established during the commissioning phase and during the first science runs. The active target of XENON100 contains 62 kg of LXe, surrounded by an LXe veto of 99 kg, both instrumented with photomultiplier tubes (PMTs) operating inside the liquid or in xenon gas. The LXe target and veto are contained in a low-radioactivity stainless steel vessel, embedded in a passive radiation shield and is installed underground at the Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso (LNGS), Italy. The experiment has recently published results from a 100 live-days dark matter search. The ultimate design goal of XENON100 is to achieve a spin-independent WIMP-nucleon scattering cross section sensitivity of σ = 2 × 10 -45 cm 2 for a 100 GeV/c 2 WIMP.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)573-590
Number of pages18
JournalAstroparticle Physics
Volume35
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2012

Fingerprint

xenon
dark matter
weakly interacting massive particles
liquids
photomultiplier tubes
radioactivity
Italy
scattering cross sections
vessels
stainless steels
chambers
projection
sensitivity
detectors
radiation
scattering
gases

Keywords

  • Dark matter
  • Direct detection
  • Liquid noble gas detector
  • XENON

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics

Cite this

Aprile, E., Arisaka, K., Arneodo, F., Askin, A., Baudis, L., Behrens, A., ... Yamashita, M. (2012). The XENON100 dark matter experiment. Astroparticle Physics, 35(9), 573-590. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.astropartphys.2012.01.003

The XENON100 dark matter experiment. / Aprile, E.; Arisaka, K.; Arneodo, Francesco; Askin, A.; Baudis, L.; Behrens, A.; Brown, E.; Cardoso, J. M.R.; Choi, B.; Cline, D.; Fattori, S.; Ferella, A. D.; Giboni, K. L.; Kish, A.; Lam, C. W.; Lang, R. F.; Lim, K. E.; Lopes, J. A.M.; Marrodán Undagoitia, T.; Mei, Y.; Melgarejo Fernandez, A. J.; Ni, K.; Oberlack, U.; Orrigo, S. E.A.; Pantic, E.; Plante, G.; Ribeiro, A. C.C.; Santorelli, R.; Dos Santos, J. M.F.; Schumann, M.; Shagin, P.; Teymourian, A.; Tziaferi, E.; Wang, H.; Yamashita, M.

In: Astroparticle Physics, Vol. 35, No. 9, 01.04.2012, p. 573-590.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Aprile, E, Arisaka, K, Arneodo, F, Askin, A, Baudis, L, Behrens, A, Brown, E, Cardoso, JMR, Choi, B, Cline, D, Fattori, S, Ferella, AD, Giboni, KL, Kish, A, Lam, CW, Lang, RF, Lim, KE, Lopes, JAM, Marrodán Undagoitia, T, Mei, Y, Melgarejo Fernandez, AJ, Ni, K, Oberlack, U, Orrigo, SEA, Pantic, E, Plante, G, Ribeiro, ACC, Santorelli, R, Dos Santos, JMF, Schumann, M, Shagin, P, Teymourian, A, Tziaferi, E, Wang, H & Yamashita, M 2012, 'The XENON100 dark matter experiment', Astroparticle Physics, vol. 35, no. 9, pp. 573-590. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.astropartphys.2012.01.003
Aprile E, Arisaka K, Arneodo F, Askin A, Baudis L, Behrens A et al. The XENON100 dark matter experiment. Astroparticle Physics. 2012 Apr 1;35(9):573-590. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.astropartphys.2012.01.003
Aprile, E. ; Arisaka, K. ; Arneodo, Francesco ; Askin, A. ; Baudis, L. ; Behrens, A. ; Brown, E. ; Cardoso, J. M.R. ; Choi, B. ; Cline, D. ; Fattori, S. ; Ferella, A. D. ; Giboni, K. L. ; Kish, A. ; Lam, C. W. ; Lang, R. F. ; Lim, K. E. ; Lopes, J. A.M. ; Marrodán Undagoitia, T. ; Mei, Y. ; Melgarejo Fernandez, A. J. ; Ni, K. ; Oberlack, U. ; Orrigo, S. E.A. ; Pantic, E. ; Plante, G. ; Ribeiro, A. C.C. ; Santorelli, R. ; Dos Santos, J. M.F. ; Schumann, M. ; Shagin, P. ; Teymourian, A. ; Tziaferi, E. ; Wang, H. ; Yamashita, M. / The XENON100 dark matter experiment. In: Astroparticle Physics. 2012 ; Vol. 35, No. 9. pp. 573-590.
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AU - Arisaka, K.

AU - Arneodo, Francesco

AU - Askin, A.

AU - Baudis, L.

AU - Behrens, A.

AU - Brown, E.

AU - Cardoso, J. M.R.

AU - Choi, B.

AU - Cline, D.

AU - Fattori, S.

AU - Ferella, A. D.

AU - Giboni, K. L.

AU - Kish, A.

AU - Lam, C. W.

AU - Lang, R. F.

AU - Lim, K. E.

AU - Lopes, J. A.M.

AU - Marrodán Undagoitia, T.

AU - Mei, Y.

AU - Melgarejo Fernandez, A. J.

AU - Ni, K.

AU - Oberlack, U.

AU - Orrigo, S. E.A.

AU - Pantic, E.

AU - Plante, G.

AU - Ribeiro, A. C.C.

AU - Santorelli, R.

AU - Dos Santos, J. M.F.

AU - Schumann, M.

AU - Shagin, P.

AU - Teymourian, A.

AU - Tziaferi, E.

AU - Wang, H.

AU - Yamashita, M.

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