The use of museum specimens with high-throughput DNA sequencers

Andrew S. Burrell, Todd Disotell, Christina M. Bergey

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    Natural history collections have long been used by morphologists, anatomists, and taxonomists to probe the evolutionary process and describe biological diversity. These biological archives also offer great opportunities for genetic research in taxonomy, conservation, systematics, and population biology. They allow assays of past populations, including those of extinct species, giving context to present patterns of genetic variation and direct measures of evolutionary processes. Despite this potential, museum specimens are difficult to work with because natural postmortem processes and preservation methods fragment and damage DNA. These problems have restricted geneticists' ability to use natural history collections primarily by limiting how much of the genome can be surveyed. Recent advances in DNA sequencing technology, however, have radically changed this, making truly genomic studies from museum specimens possible. We review the opportunities and drawbacks of the use of museum specimens, and suggest how to best execute projects when incorporating such samples. Several high-throughput (HT) sequencing methodologies, including whole genome shotgun sequencing, sequence capture, and restriction digests (demonstrated here), can be used with archived biomaterials.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)35-44
    Number of pages10
    JournalJournal of Human Evolution
    Volume79
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Feb 1 2015

    Fingerprint

    natural history
    museum
    sequence analysis
    taxonomy
    DNA
    geneticists
    biocompatible materials
    genome
    DNA damage
    genetic research
    biodiversity
    history
    genomics
    Biological Sciences
    genetic variation
    biology
    damages
    assays
    conservation
    methodology

    Keywords

    • Ancient DNA
    • Population genomics
    • Restriction-site associated DNA sequencing (RAD-Seq)
    • Sequence capture
    • Whole genome shotgun sequencing

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
    • Education
    • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)

    Cite this

    The use of museum specimens with high-throughput DNA sequencers. / Burrell, Andrew S.; Disotell, Todd; Bergey, Christina M.

    In: Journal of Human Evolution, Vol. 79, 01.02.2015, p. 35-44.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Burrell, Andrew S. ; Disotell, Todd ; Bergey, Christina M. / The use of museum specimens with high-throughput DNA sequencers. In: Journal of Human Evolution. 2015 ; Vol. 79. pp. 35-44.
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