### Abstract

The theory of nuclear reactions is extended so as to include a statistical treatment of multi-step processes. Two types are distinguished, the multi-step compound and the multi-step direct. The wave functions for the system are grouped according to their complexity. The multi-step direct process involves explicitly those states which are open, while the multi-step compound involves those which are bound. In addition to the random phase assumption which is applied differently to the multi-step direct and to the multi-step compound cross-sections, it is assumed that the residual interaction will have non-vanishing matrix elements between states whose complexities differ by at most one unit. This is referred to as the chaining hypothesis. Explicit expressions for the double differential cross-section giving the angular distribution and energy spectrum are obtained for both reaction types. The statistical multi-step compound cross-sections are symmetric about 90°. The classical statistical theory of nuclear reactions is a special limiting case. The cross-section for the statistical multi-step direct reaction consists of a set of convolutions of single-step direct cross-sections. For the many step case it is possible to derive a diffusion equation in momentum space. Application is made to the reaction ^{181}Ta(p, n)^{181}W using the statistical multi-step compound formalism.

Original language | English (US) |
---|---|

Pages (from-to) | 429-476 |

Number of pages | 48 |

Journal | Annals of Physics |

Volume | 125 |

Issue number | 2 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - Apr 1 1980 |

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### ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Physics and Astronomy(all)

### Cite this

*Annals of Physics*,

*125*(2), 429-476. https://doi.org/10.1016/0003-4916(80)90140-2

**The statistical theory of multi-step compound and direct reactions.** / Feshbach, Herman; Kerman, Arthur; Koonin, Steven.

Research output: Contribution to journal › Article

*Annals of Physics*, vol. 125, no. 2, pp. 429-476. https://doi.org/10.1016/0003-4916(80)90140-2

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The statistical theory of multi-step compound and direct reactions

AU - Feshbach, Herman

AU - Kerman, Arthur

AU - Koonin, Steven

PY - 1980/4/1

Y1 - 1980/4/1

N2 - The theory of nuclear reactions is extended so as to include a statistical treatment of multi-step processes. Two types are distinguished, the multi-step compound and the multi-step direct. The wave functions for the system are grouped according to their complexity. The multi-step direct process involves explicitly those states which are open, while the multi-step compound involves those which are bound. In addition to the random phase assumption which is applied differently to the multi-step direct and to the multi-step compound cross-sections, it is assumed that the residual interaction will have non-vanishing matrix elements between states whose complexities differ by at most one unit. This is referred to as the chaining hypothesis. Explicit expressions for the double differential cross-section giving the angular distribution and energy spectrum are obtained for both reaction types. The statistical multi-step compound cross-sections are symmetric about 90°. The classical statistical theory of nuclear reactions is a special limiting case. The cross-section for the statistical multi-step direct reaction consists of a set of convolutions of single-step direct cross-sections. For the many step case it is possible to derive a diffusion equation in momentum space. Application is made to the reaction 181Ta(p, n)181W using the statistical multi-step compound formalism.

AB - The theory of nuclear reactions is extended so as to include a statistical treatment of multi-step processes. Two types are distinguished, the multi-step compound and the multi-step direct. The wave functions for the system are grouped according to their complexity. The multi-step direct process involves explicitly those states which are open, while the multi-step compound involves those which are bound. In addition to the random phase assumption which is applied differently to the multi-step direct and to the multi-step compound cross-sections, it is assumed that the residual interaction will have non-vanishing matrix elements between states whose complexities differ by at most one unit. This is referred to as the chaining hypothesis. Explicit expressions for the double differential cross-section giving the angular distribution and energy spectrum are obtained for both reaction types. The statistical multi-step compound cross-sections are symmetric about 90°. The classical statistical theory of nuclear reactions is a special limiting case. The cross-section for the statistical multi-step direct reaction consists of a set of convolutions of single-step direct cross-sections. For the many step case it is possible to derive a diffusion equation in momentum space. Application is made to the reaction 181Ta(p, n)181W using the statistical multi-step compound formalism.

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UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0001608206&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/0003-4916(80)90140-2

DO - 10.1016/0003-4916(80)90140-2

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0001608206

VL - 125

SP - 429

EP - 476

JO - Annals of Physics

JF - Annals of Physics

SN - 0003-4916

IS - 2

ER -