The Smoking Behaviors and Cancer-Related Disparities Among Urban Middle Aged and Older Men Involved in the Criminal Justice System

Pamela Valera, Matthew Anderson, Stephanie Cook, Judith Wylie-Rosett, Justin Rucker, Andrea E. Reid

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This study examined cancer knowledge, mental health, and tobacco use in formerly incarcerated men. The Cancer-Health Research Study with Formerly Incarcerated Men in New York City used a cross-sectional research design to examine cancer knowledge and prevention (CKP) outcomes among 259 justice-involved males, ages 35–67. CKP was assessed using items from the National Cancer Institute’s Health Information National Trends Survey. Psychological symptoms were examined using the Brief Symptom Inventory. Of the 259 men who completed the survey, 76 % of the respondents self-reported as current smokers. Current smokers smoked between 1 and 40 cigarettes per day. The mean number of cigarettes smoked per day was 10.37 (SD = 6.76). Sixty-five percent (n = 165) of the respondents underwent cancer-screening tests. CKP scores ranged from 2 to 28; the mean was 15.05 (SD = 5.49), indicating that the men scored very low in terms of CKP. CKP scores were negatively associated with the number of cigarettes smoked per day, τ = −.13, p =.01. These results have important implications for enhancing access to cancer-health education programs in justice-involved settings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)86-93
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Cancer Education
Volume30
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2015

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Criminal Law
Smoking
Tobacco Products
Social Justice
Neoplasms
National Cancer Institute (U.S.)
Health
National Institutes of Health (U.S.)
Tobacco Use
Early Detection of Cancer
Mental Health
Research Design
Psychology
Equipment and Supplies
Surveys and Questionnaires
Research

Keywords

  • Cancer
  • Re-entry
  • Tobacco

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Oncology

Cite this

The Smoking Behaviors and Cancer-Related Disparities Among Urban Middle Aged and Older Men Involved in the Criminal Justice System. / Valera, Pamela; Anderson, Matthew; Cook, Stephanie; Wylie-Rosett, Judith; Rucker, Justin; Reid, Andrea E.

In: Journal of Cancer Education, Vol. 30, No. 1, 2015, p. 86-93.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Valera, Pamela ; Anderson, Matthew ; Cook, Stephanie ; Wylie-Rosett, Judith ; Rucker, Justin ; Reid, Andrea E. / The Smoking Behaviors and Cancer-Related Disparities Among Urban Middle Aged and Older Men Involved in the Criminal Justice System. In: Journal of Cancer Education. 2015 ; Vol. 30, No. 1. pp. 86-93.
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