The role of occupational attainment, labor market structure, and earnings inequality on the relative earnings of Mexican Americans

1986-1992

Jose Pagan, Gilberto Cárdenas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This article analyzes how the 1990-1991 recession and recent changes in U.S. immigration laws may have affected the employment and earnings of Mexican Americans. Using data from the 1986 and 1992 waves of the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (n = 2,091), the authors attempt to explain the decline in real earnings experienced by Mexican Americans during this period. The relative earnings of Mexican American males (females) fell from 92.41% (77.67%) in 1986 to 82.54% (74.71%) in 1992. Although Mexican Americans seem to be relatively concentrated in low-paying occupations, recent changes in the U.S. wage structure may have worked to offset the observed decrease in relative earnings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)243-267
Number of pages25
JournalHispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences
Volume19
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1997

Fingerprint

immigration law
recession
wage
occupation
labor market
Salaries and Fringe Benefits
Emigration and Immigration
Occupations
Longitudinal Studies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Cultural Studies
  • Anthropology
  • Linguistics and Language

Cite this

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title = "The role of occupational attainment, labor market structure, and earnings inequality on the relative earnings of Mexican Americans: 1986-1992",
abstract = "This article analyzes how the 1990-1991 recession and recent changes in U.S. immigration laws may have affected the employment and earnings of Mexican Americans. Using data from the 1986 and 1992 waves of the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (n = 2,091), the authors attempt to explain the decline in real earnings experienced by Mexican Americans during this period. The relative earnings of Mexican American males (females) fell from 92.41{\%} (77.67{\%}) in 1986 to 82.54{\%} (74.71{\%}) in 1992. Although Mexican Americans seem to be relatively concentrated in low-paying occupations, recent changes in the U.S. wage structure may have worked to offset the observed decrease in relative earnings.",
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