The road to extremism: Field and experimental evidence that significance loss-induced need for closure fosters radicalization

David Webber, Maxim Babush, Noa Schori-Eyal, Anna Vazeou-Nieuwenhuis, Malkanthi Hettiarachchi, Jocelyn Belanger, Manuel Moyano, Humberto M. Trujillo, Rohan Gunaratna, Arie W. Kruglanski, Michele J. Gelfand

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The present studies examined the hypothesis that loss of personal significance fuels extremism via the need for cognitive closure. Situations of significance loss-those that make one feel ashamed, humiliated, or demeaned-are inconsistent with the desire for a positive self-image, and instill a sense of uncertainty about the self. Consequently, individuals become motivated to seek certainty and closure that affords the restoration of personal significance. Extremist ideologies should thus increase in appeal, because they promise clear-cut strategies for such restoration. These notions were supported in a series of studies ranging from field surveys of political extremists imprisoned in the Philippines (Study 1) and Sri Lanka (Study 2) to experiments conducted with American samples (Studies 3-4). Implications of these findings are considered for the psychology of extremism, and for approaches to counterradicalization, and deradicalization.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)270-285
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Personality and Social Psychology
Volume114
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2018

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Sri Lanka
radicalization
Philippines
radicalism
restoration
Uncertainty
Psychology
self-image
Ideologies
evidence
appeal
psychology
uncertainty
experiment
Surveys and Questionnaires

Keywords

  • Extremism
  • Humiliation
  • Need for cognitive closure
  • Significance quest

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science

Cite this

The road to extremism : Field and experimental evidence that significance loss-induced need for closure fosters radicalization. / Webber, David; Babush, Maxim; Schori-Eyal, Noa; Vazeou-Nieuwenhuis, Anna; Hettiarachchi, Malkanthi; Belanger, Jocelyn; Moyano, Manuel; Trujillo, Humberto M.; Gunaratna, Rohan; Kruglanski, Arie W.; Gelfand, Michele J.

In: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol. 114, No. 2, 01.02.2018, p. 270-285.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Webber, D, Babush, M, Schori-Eyal, N, Vazeou-Nieuwenhuis, A, Hettiarachchi, M, Belanger, J, Moyano, M, Trujillo, HM, Gunaratna, R, Kruglanski, AW & Gelfand, MJ 2018, 'The road to extremism: Field and experimental evidence that significance loss-induced need for closure fosters radicalization', Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, vol. 114, no. 2, pp. 270-285. https://doi.org/10.1037/pspi0000111
Webber, David ; Babush, Maxim ; Schori-Eyal, Noa ; Vazeou-Nieuwenhuis, Anna ; Hettiarachchi, Malkanthi ; Belanger, Jocelyn ; Moyano, Manuel ; Trujillo, Humberto M. ; Gunaratna, Rohan ; Kruglanski, Arie W. ; Gelfand, Michele J. / The road to extremism : Field and experimental evidence that significance loss-induced need for closure fosters radicalization. In: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 2018 ; Vol. 114, No. 2. pp. 270-285.
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