The relationship of adolescents' expectations and values to delinquency, hard drug use, and unprotected sexual intercourse

Joseph P. Allen, Bonnie J. Leadbeater, J. Lawrence Aber

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This study examined adolescents' expectations and values about how competent behaviors would work for them in difficult social situations and explored the relation of these appraisals to adolescents' delinquency, drug use, and sexual intercourse without use of adequate birth control. Several lines of research on the determinants of adolescent achievement motivation, social competence, and various problem behaviors are integrated within a unified framework based on both motivational and cognitive-social learning theories. One hundred adolescents at-risk for problematic behaviors, aged 15½–18, received structured interviews measuring their expectations of self-efficacy in performing socially competent behaviors, their expectations about the outcomes of these behaviors, their values toward these behaviors, their perceptions of the values of peers, and their identification with the values of important adults. Adolescents also reported their recent levels of delinquency, hard drug use, and unprotected sexual activity. Adolescents' expectations and values were significantly related to all three problem behaviors; males' low efficacy expectations and females' lack of identification with an adult's values were the strongest correlates of problem behaviors. Adolescents' expectations and values are considered as potentially important aspects of adolescents' models of themselves in social interactions, which may mediate the link between problematic family relationships in childhood and deviant behavior in adolescence.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)85-98
Number of pages14
JournalDevelopment and Psychopathology
Volume2
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1990

Fingerprint

Coitus
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Family Relations
Self Efficacy
Interpersonal Relations
Risk-Taking
Contraception
Sexual Behavior
Motivation
Interviews

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

The relationship of adolescents' expectations and values to delinquency, hard drug use, and unprotected sexual intercourse. / Allen, Joseph P.; Leadbeater, Bonnie J.; Aber, J. Lawrence.

In: Development and Psychopathology, Vol. 2, No. 1, 1990, p. 85-98.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{a2a17977635e4fffa40038efaab2c569,
title = "The relationship of adolescents' expectations and values to delinquency, hard drug use, and unprotected sexual intercourse",
abstract = "This study examined adolescents' expectations and values about how competent behaviors would work for them in difficult social situations and explored the relation of these appraisals to adolescents' delinquency, drug use, and sexual intercourse without use of adequate birth control. Several lines of research on the determinants of adolescent achievement motivation, social competence, and various problem behaviors are integrated within a unified framework based on both motivational and cognitive-social learning theories. One hundred adolescents at-risk for problematic behaviors, aged 15½–18, received structured interviews measuring their expectations of self-efficacy in performing socially competent behaviors, their expectations about the outcomes of these behaviors, their values toward these behaviors, their perceptions of the values of peers, and their identification with the values of important adults. Adolescents also reported their recent levels of delinquency, hard drug use, and unprotected sexual activity. Adolescents' expectations and values were significantly related to all three problem behaviors; males' low efficacy expectations and females' lack of identification with an adult's values were the strongest correlates of problem behaviors. Adolescents' expectations and values are considered as potentially important aspects of adolescents' models of themselves in social interactions, which may mediate the link between problematic family relationships in childhood and deviant behavior in adolescence.",
author = "Allen, {Joseph P.} and Leadbeater, {Bonnie J.} and Aber, {J. Lawrence}",
year = "1990",
doi = "10.1017/S0954579400000614",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "2",
pages = "85--98",
journal = "Development and Psychopathology",
issn = "0954-5794",
publisher = "Cambridge University Press",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The relationship of adolescents' expectations and values to delinquency, hard drug use, and unprotected sexual intercourse

AU - Allen, Joseph P.

AU - Leadbeater, Bonnie J.

AU - Aber, J. Lawrence

PY - 1990

Y1 - 1990

N2 - This study examined adolescents' expectations and values about how competent behaviors would work for them in difficult social situations and explored the relation of these appraisals to adolescents' delinquency, drug use, and sexual intercourse without use of adequate birth control. Several lines of research on the determinants of adolescent achievement motivation, social competence, and various problem behaviors are integrated within a unified framework based on both motivational and cognitive-social learning theories. One hundred adolescents at-risk for problematic behaviors, aged 15½–18, received structured interviews measuring their expectations of self-efficacy in performing socially competent behaviors, their expectations about the outcomes of these behaviors, their values toward these behaviors, their perceptions of the values of peers, and their identification with the values of important adults. Adolescents also reported their recent levels of delinquency, hard drug use, and unprotected sexual activity. Adolescents' expectations and values were significantly related to all three problem behaviors; males' low efficacy expectations and females' lack of identification with an adult's values were the strongest correlates of problem behaviors. Adolescents' expectations and values are considered as potentially important aspects of adolescents' models of themselves in social interactions, which may mediate the link between problematic family relationships in childhood and deviant behavior in adolescence.

AB - This study examined adolescents' expectations and values about how competent behaviors would work for them in difficult social situations and explored the relation of these appraisals to adolescents' delinquency, drug use, and sexual intercourse without use of adequate birth control. Several lines of research on the determinants of adolescent achievement motivation, social competence, and various problem behaviors are integrated within a unified framework based on both motivational and cognitive-social learning theories. One hundred adolescents at-risk for problematic behaviors, aged 15½–18, received structured interviews measuring their expectations of self-efficacy in performing socially competent behaviors, their expectations about the outcomes of these behaviors, their values toward these behaviors, their perceptions of the values of peers, and their identification with the values of important adults. Adolescents also reported their recent levels of delinquency, hard drug use, and unprotected sexual activity. Adolescents' expectations and values were significantly related to all three problem behaviors; males' low efficacy expectations and females' lack of identification with an adult's values were the strongest correlates of problem behaviors. Adolescents' expectations and values are considered as potentially important aspects of adolescents' models of themselves in social interactions, which may mediate the link between problematic family relationships in childhood and deviant behavior in adolescence.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84971844650&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84971844650&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1017/S0954579400000614

DO - 10.1017/S0954579400000614

M3 - Article

VL - 2

SP - 85

EP - 98

JO - Development and Psychopathology

JF - Development and Psychopathology

SN - 0954-5794

IS - 1

ER -