The psychology of radicalization and deradicalization

How significance quest impacts violent extremism

Arie W. Kruglanski, Michele J. Gelfand, Jocelyn Belanger, Anna Sheveland, Malkanthi Hetiarachchi, Rohan Gunaratna

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    We present a model of radicalization and deradicalization based on the notion that the quest for personal significance constitutes a major motivational force that may push individuals toward violent extremism. Radicalization is defined as the process of supporting or engaging in activities deemed (by others) as in violation of important social norms (e.g., the killing of civilians). In these terms, radicalization (1) is a matter of degree (in which mere attitudinal support for violence reflects a lower degree of radicalization than actual engagement in violence); (2) represents a subjective judgment proffered by those for whom the violated norms seem important but not by those who have devalued or suppressed the norms in question. Our radicalization/deradicalization model contains three crucial components: (1) the motivational component (the quest for personal significance) that defines a goal to which one may be committed, (2) the ideological component that in addition identifies the means of violence as appropriate for this goal's pursuit, and (3) the social process of networking and group dynamics through which the individual comes to share in the violence-justifying ideology and proceeds to implement it as a means of significance gain. We present empirical evidence consistent with our model's assumptions and discuss its implications for policies of preventing radicalization and effecting deradicalization.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)69-93
    Number of pages25
    JournalPolitical Psychology
    Volume35
    Issue numberSUPPL.1
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Feb 1 2014

    Fingerprint

    radicalization
    radicalism
    Violence
    psychology
    Psychology
    violence
    Social Networking
    Group Processes
    group dynamics
    Social Norms
    social process
    networking
    Radicalization
    Extremism
    ideology
    evidence

    Keywords

    • Deradicalization
    • Goal systems
    • Radicalization
    • Significance quest
    • Violent extremism

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Social Psychology
    • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
    • Clinical Psychology
    • Sociology and Political Science
    • Philosophy
    • Political Science and International Relations

    Cite this

    Kruglanski, A. W., Gelfand, M. J., Belanger, J., Sheveland, A., Hetiarachchi, M., & Gunaratna, R. (2014). The psychology of radicalization and deradicalization: How significance quest impacts violent extremism. Political Psychology, 35(SUPPL.1), 69-93. https://doi.org/10.1111/pops.12163

    The psychology of radicalization and deradicalization : How significance quest impacts violent extremism. / Kruglanski, Arie W.; Gelfand, Michele J.; Belanger, Jocelyn; Sheveland, Anna; Hetiarachchi, Malkanthi; Gunaratna, Rohan.

    In: Political Psychology, Vol. 35, No. SUPPL.1, 01.02.2014, p. 69-93.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Kruglanski, AW, Gelfand, MJ, Belanger, J, Sheveland, A, Hetiarachchi, M & Gunaratna, R 2014, 'The psychology of radicalization and deradicalization: How significance quest impacts violent extremism', Political Psychology, vol. 35, no. SUPPL.1, pp. 69-93. https://doi.org/10.1111/pops.12163
    Kruglanski AW, Gelfand MJ, Belanger J, Sheveland A, Hetiarachchi M, Gunaratna R. The psychology of radicalization and deradicalization: How significance quest impacts violent extremism. Political Psychology. 2014 Feb 1;35(SUPPL.1):69-93. https://doi.org/10.1111/pops.12163
    Kruglanski, Arie W. ; Gelfand, Michele J. ; Belanger, Jocelyn ; Sheveland, Anna ; Hetiarachchi, Malkanthi ; Gunaratna, Rohan. / The psychology of radicalization and deradicalization : How significance quest impacts violent extremism. In: Political Psychology. 2014 ; Vol. 35, No. SUPPL.1. pp. 69-93.
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