The prevalence of xerostomia and salivary gland hypofunction in a cohort of HIV-positive and at-risk women

M. Navazesh, R. Mulligan, E. Komaroff, M. Redford, D. Greenspan, J. Phelan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The association of xerostomia and salivary gland hypofunction with HIV infection has been established for men but not for women. We investigated the prevalence of these conditions in a national cohort (n = 733) of HIV-positive and at-risk HIV-negative women. Participants in this prospective cross-sectional study were recruited from the Women's Interagency HIV Study (WIHS) at five outpatient USA clinics. Xerostomia was assessed based on "yes" responses to a dry-mouth questionnaire. Samples of unstimulated whole and chewing-stimulated whole saliva were collected under standardized conditions. The major salivary glands were also evaluated clinically. The prevalence of dry-mouth complaint, the absence of saliva upon palpation, and zero unstimulated whole saliva (flow rate = 0 mL/min) were significantly (p = 0.001) higher in HIV-positive women. Adjusted odds of zero unstimulated whole saliva were significantly (p = 0.02) higher in HIV-positive women vs. HIV-negative women (OR = 2.86; 95% CI, 1.23 to 6.63). Significant (p = 0.03) univariate association was found between zero unstimulated whole saliva and CD4 counts. Adjusted odds of zero unstimulated whole saliva were significantly (p = 0.02) higher for HIV-positive women with CD4 < 200 compared with those with CD4 > 500 (OR = 2.61; 95% CI, 1.17 to 5.85). Chewing-stimulated flow rates were not significantly different between seropositive and seronegative women. The prevalence of xerostomia and salivary gland hypofunction appears to be significantly higher in HIV-positive women relative to a comparable group of at-risk seronegative women. Immunosuppression levels measured by CD4 cell counts are significantly associated with xerostomia and salivary gland hypofunction in a population of HIV-positive women.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1502-1507
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Dental Research
Volume79
Issue number7
StatePublished - 2000

Fingerprint

Xerostomia
Salivary Glands
HIV
Saliva
Mastication
CD4 Lymphocyte Count
Mouth
Palpation
Ambulatory Care Facilities
Immunosuppression
HIV Infections
Cross-Sectional Studies

Keywords

  • HIV infection
  • Salivary gland hypofunction
  • Women
  • Xerostomia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)

Cite this

Navazesh, M., Mulligan, R., Komaroff, E., Redford, M., Greenspan, D., & Phelan, J. (2000). The prevalence of xerostomia and salivary gland hypofunction in a cohort of HIV-positive and at-risk women. Journal of Dental Research, 79(7), 1502-1507.

The prevalence of xerostomia and salivary gland hypofunction in a cohort of HIV-positive and at-risk women. / Navazesh, M.; Mulligan, R.; Komaroff, E.; Redford, M.; Greenspan, D.; Phelan, J.

In: Journal of Dental Research, Vol. 79, No. 7, 2000, p. 1502-1507.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Navazesh, M, Mulligan, R, Komaroff, E, Redford, M, Greenspan, D & Phelan, J 2000, 'The prevalence of xerostomia and salivary gland hypofunction in a cohort of HIV-positive and at-risk women', Journal of Dental Research, vol. 79, no. 7, pp. 1502-1507.
Navazesh M, Mulligan R, Komaroff E, Redford M, Greenspan D, Phelan J. The prevalence of xerostomia and salivary gland hypofunction in a cohort of HIV-positive and at-risk women. Journal of Dental Research. 2000;79(7):1502-1507.
Navazesh, M. ; Mulligan, R. ; Komaroff, E. ; Redford, M. ; Greenspan, D. ; Phelan, J. / The prevalence of xerostomia and salivary gland hypofunction in a cohort of HIV-positive and at-risk women. In: Journal of Dental Research. 2000 ; Vol. 79, No. 7. pp. 1502-1507.
@article{79fd5ac3ac064e878ea8fb3441b6a88b,
title = "The prevalence of xerostomia and salivary gland hypofunction in a cohort of HIV-positive and at-risk women",
abstract = "The association of xerostomia and salivary gland hypofunction with HIV infection has been established for men but not for women. We investigated the prevalence of these conditions in a national cohort (n = 733) of HIV-positive and at-risk HIV-negative women. Participants in this prospective cross-sectional study were recruited from the Women's Interagency HIV Study (WIHS) at five outpatient USA clinics. Xerostomia was assessed based on {"}yes{"} responses to a dry-mouth questionnaire. Samples of unstimulated whole and chewing-stimulated whole saliva were collected under standardized conditions. The major salivary glands were also evaluated clinically. The prevalence of dry-mouth complaint, the absence of saliva upon palpation, and zero unstimulated whole saliva (flow rate = 0 mL/min) were significantly (p = 0.001) higher in HIV-positive women. Adjusted odds of zero unstimulated whole saliva were significantly (p = 0.02) higher in HIV-positive women vs. HIV-negative women (OR = 2.86; 95{\%} CI, 1.23 to 6.63). Significant (p = 0.03) univariate association was found between zero unstimulated whole saliva and CD4 counts. Adjusted odds of zero unstimulated whole saliva were significantly (p = 0.02) higher for HIV-positive women with CD4 < 200 compared with those with CD4 > 500 (OR = 2.61; 95{\%} CI, 1.17 to 5.85). Chewing-stimulated flow rates were not significantly different between seropositive and seronegative women. The prevalence of xerostomia and salivary gland hypofunction appears to be significantly higher in HIV-positive women relative to a comparable group of at-risk seronegative women. Immunosuppression levels measured by CD4 cell counts are significantly associated with xerostomia and salivary gland hypofunction in a population of HIV-positive women.",
keywords = "HIV infection, Salivary gland hypofunction, Women, Xerostomia",
author = "M. Navazesh and R. Mulligan and E. Komaroff and M. Redford and D. Greenspan and J. Phelan",
year = "2000",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "79",
pages = "1502--1507",
journal = "Journal of Dental Research",
issn = "0022-0345",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Inc.",
number = "7",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The prevalence of xerostomia and salivary gland hypofunction in a cohort of HIV-positive and at-risk women

AU - Navazesh, M.

AU - Mulligan, R.

AU - Komaroff, E.

AU - Redford, M.

AU - Greenspan, D.

AU - Phelan, J.

PY - 2000

Y1 - 2000

N2 - The association of xerostomia and salivary gland hypofunction with HIV infection has been established for men but not for women. We investigated the prevalence of these conditions in a national cohort (n = 733) of HIV-positive and at-risk HIV-negative women. Participants in this prospective cross-sectional study were recruited from the Women's Interagency HIV Study (WIHS) at five outpatient USA clinics. Xerostomia was assessed based on "yes" responses to a dry-mouth questionnaire. Samples of unstimulated whole and chewing-stimulated whole saliva were collected under standardized conditions. The major salivary glands were also evaluated clinically. The prevalence of dry-mouth complaint, the absence of saliva upon palpation, and zero unstimulated whole saliva (flow rate = 0 mL/min) were significantly (p = 0.001) higher in HIV-positive women. Adjusted odds of zero unstimulated whole saliva were significantly (p = 0.02) higher in HIV-positive women vs. HIV-negative women (OR = 2.86; 95% CI, 1.23 to 6.63). Significant (p = 0.03) univariate association was found between zero unstimulated whole saliva and CD4 counts. Adjusted odds of zero unstimulated whole saliva were significantly (p = 0.02) higher for HIV-positive women with CD4 < 200 compared with those with CD4 > 500 (OR = 2.61; 95% CI, 1.17 to 5.85). Chewing-stimulated flow rates were not significantly different between seropositive and seronegative women. The prevalence of xerostomia and salivary gland hypofunction appears to be significantly higher in HIV-positive women relative to a comparable group of at-risk seronegative women. Immunosuppression levels measured by CD4 cell counts are significantly associated with xerostomia and salivary gland hypofunction in a population of HIV-positive women.

AB - The association of xerostomia and salivary gland hypofunction with HIV infection has been established for men but not for women. We investigated the prevalence of these conditions in a national cohort (n = 733) of HIV-positive and at-risk HIV-negative women. Participants in this prospective cross-sectional study were recruited from the Women's Interagency HIV Study (WIHS) at five outpatient USA clinics. Xerostomia was assessed based on "yes" responses to a dry-mouth questionnaire. Samples of unstimulated whole and chewing-stimulated whole saliva were collected under standardized conditions. The major salivary glands were also evaluated clinically. The prevalence of dry-mouth complaint, the absence of saliva upon palpation, and zero unstimulated whole saliva (flow rate = 0 mL/min) were significantly (p = 0.001) higher in HIV-positive women. Adjusted odds of zero unstimulated whole saliva were significantly (p = 0.02) higher in HIV-positive women vs. HIV-negative women (OR = 2.86; 95% CI, 1.23 to 6.63). Significant (p = 0.03) univariate association was found between zero unstimulated whole saliva and CD4 counts. Adjusted odds of zero unstimulated whole saliva were significantly (p = 0.02) higher for HIV-positive women with CD4 < 200 compared with those with CD4 > 500 (OR = 2.61; 95% CI, 1.17 to 5.85). Chewing-stimulated flow rates were not significantly different between seropositive and seronegative women. The prevalence of xerostomia and salivary gland hypofunction appears to be significantly higher in HIV-positive women relative to a comparable group of at-risk seronegative women. Immunosuppression levels measured by CD4 cell counts are significantly associated with xerostomia and salivary gland hypofunction in a population of HIV-positive women.

KW - HIV infection

KW - Salivary gland hypofunction

KW - Women

KW - Xerostomia

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0034441694&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0034441694&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 79

SP - 1502

EP - 1507

JO - Journal of Dental Research

JF - Journal of Dental Research

SN - 0022-0345

IS - 7

ER -