The Power of Planning: Self-Control by Effective Goal-striving

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

As highlighted by Kurt Lewin, goal attainment is not yet secured solely by forming strong commitments to highly desirable and feasible goals. There is always the subsequent issue of implementing a set goal, and one wonders what people can do to enhance their chances of being successful at this second phase of goal pursuit. A promising answer seems to be the following: People may plan out in advance how they want to solve the problems of goal implementation. But what are these problems? There are at least four problems that stand out. These problems include getting started with goal striving, staying on track, calling a halt, and not overextending oneself. We will describe research showing that making if-then plans (i.e., form implementation intentions) on how to deal with these problems indeed facilitates solving the crucial problems of goal implementation. Thereafter, we will ask whether implementation intentions foster goal attainment even under conditions that are commonly viewed as not amenable to self-regulation attempts, such as succeeding on an intelligence test or overcoming spider phobia. Finally, we will report research showing that implementation intentions can even foster goal-striving in those samples (e.g., children with ADHD) that are known to suffer from impaired action control.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationSelf Control in Society, Mind, and Brain
PublisherOxford University Press
ISBN (Print)9780199776894, 9780195391381
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2010

Fingerprint

Self-Control
Power (Psychology)
Spiders
Intelligence Tests
Phobic Disorders
Research

Keywords

  • Academic test performance
  • Action initiation
  • Behavior change interventions
  • Children with adhd
  • Delay of gratification
  • Disengagement
  • Goal intentions
  • Goal shielding
  • Implementation intentions
  • Medial/lateral pre-frontal cortex
  • Multi-tasking
  • Negotiation performance
  • Overcoming habitual responses
  • Overextension
  • Response inhibition
  • Setshifting
  • Simon effect
  • Spider phobia
  • Weapon identification task
  • Winning competitions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

The Power of Planning : Self-Control by Effective Goal-striving. / Gollwitzer, Peter; Gawrilow, Caterina; Oettingen, Gabriele.

Self Control in Society, Mind, and Brain. Oxford University Press, 2010.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Gollwitzer, Peter ; Gawrilow, Caterina ; Oettingen, Gabriele. / The Power of Planning : Self-Control by Effective Goal-striving. Self Control in Society, Mind, and Brain. Oxford University Press, 2010.
@inbook{b13636c753794dbaaae10ff930e4128a,
title = "The Power of Planning: Self-Control by Effective Goal-striving",
abstract = "As highlighted by Kurt Lewin, goal attainment is not yet secured solely by forming strong commitments to highly desirable and feasible goals. There is always the subsequent issue of implementing a set goal, and one wonders what people can do to enhance their chances of being successful at this second phase of goal pursuit. A promising answer seems to be the following: People may plan out in advance how they want to solve the problems of goal implementation. But what are these problems? There are at least four problems that stand out. These problems include getting started with goal striving, staying on track, calling a halt, and not overextending oneself. We will describe research showing that making if-then plans (i.e., form implementation intentions) on how to deal with these problems indeed facilitates solving the crucial problems of goal implementation. Thereafter, we will ask whether implementation intentions foster goal attainment even under conditions that are commonly viewed as not amenable to self-regulation attempts, such as succeeding on an intelligence test or overcoming spider phobia. Finally, we will report research showing that implementation intentions can even foster goal-striving in those samples (e.g., children with ADHD) that are known to suffer from impaired action control.",
keywords = "Academic test performance, Action initiation, Behavior change interventions, Children with adhd, Delay of gratification, Disengagement, Goal intentions, Goal shielding, Implementation intentions, Medial/lateral pre-frontal cortex, Multi-tasking, Negotiation performance, Overcoming habitual responses, Overextension, Response inhibition, Setshifting, Simon effect, Spider phobia, Weapon identification task, Winning competitions",
author = "Peter Gollwitzer and Caterina Gawrilow and Gabriele Oettingen",
year = "2010",
month = "5",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195391381.003.0015",
language = "English (US)",
isbn = "9780199776894",
booktitle = "Self Control in Society, Mind, and Brain",
publisher = "Oxford University Press",

}

TY - CHAP

T1 - The Power of Planning

T2 - Self-Control by Effective Goal-striving

AU - Gollwitzer, Peter

AU - Gawrilow, Caterina

AU - Oettingen, Gabriele

PY - 2010/5/1

Y1 - 2010/5/1

N2 - As highlighted by Kurt Lewin, goal attainment is not yet secured solely by forming strong commitments to highly desirable and feasible goals. There is always the subsequent issue of implementing a set goal, and one wonders what people can do to enhance their chances of being successful at this second phase of goal pursuit. A promising answer seems to be the following: People may plan out in advance how they want to solve the problems of goal implementation. But what are these problems? There are at least four problems that stand out. These problems include getting started with goal striving, staying on track, calling a halt, and not overextending oneself. We will describe research showing that making if-then plans (i.e., form implementation intentions) on how to deal with these problems indeed facilitates solving the crucial problems of goal implementation. Thereafter, we will ask whether implementation intentions foster goal attainment even under conditions that are commonly viewed as not amenable to self-regulation attempts, such as succeeding on an intelligence test or overcoming spider phobia. Finally, we will report research showing that implementation intentions can even foster goal-striving in those samples (e.g., children with ADHD) that are known to suffer from impaired action control.

AB - As highlighted by Kurt Lewin, goal attainment is not yet secured solely by forming strong commitments to highly desirable and feasible goals. There is always the subsequent issue of implementing a set goal, and one wonders what people can do to enhance their chances of being successful at this second phase of goal pursuit. A promising answer seems to be the following: People may plan out in advance how they want to solve the problems of goal implementation. But what are these problems? There are at least four problems that stand out. These problems include getting started with goal striving, staying on track, calling a halt, and not overextending oneself. We will describe research showing that making if-then plans (i.e., form implementation intentions) on how to deal with these problems indeed facilitates solving the crucial problems of goal implementation. Thereafter, we will ask whether implementation intentions foster goal attainment even under conditions that are commonly viewed as not amenable to self-regulation attempts, such as succeeding on an intelligence test or overcoming spider phobia. Finally, we will report research showing that implementation intentions can even foster goal-striving in those samples (e.g., children with ADHD) that are known to suffer from impaired action control.

KW - Academic test performance

KW - Action initiation

KW - Behavior change interventions

KW - Children with adhd

KW - Delay of gratification

KW - Disengagement

KW - Goal intentions

KW - Goal shielding

KW - Implementation intentions

KW - Medial/lateral pre-frontal cortex

KW - Multi-tasking

KW - Negotiation performance

KW - Overcoming habitual responses

KW - Overextension

KW - Response inhibition

KW - Setshifting

KW - Simon effect

KW - Spider phobia

KW - Weapon identification task

KW - Winning competitions

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84921259811&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84921259811&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195391381.003.0015

DO - 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195391381.003.0015

M3 - Chapter

AN - SCOPUS:84921259811

SN - 9780199776894

SN - 9780195391381

BT - Self Control in Society, Mind, and Brain

PB - Oxford University Press

ER -