The Pierre Auger Cosmic Ray Observatory

The Pierre Auger Collaboration Pierre Auger Collaboration

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    The Pierre Auger Observatory, located on a vast, high plain in western Argentina, is the world's largest cosmic ray observatory. The objectives of the Observatory are to probe the origin and characteristics of cosmic rays above 1017 eV and to study the interactions of these, the most energetic particles observed in nature. The Auger design features an array of 1660 water Cherenkov particle detector stations spread over 3000 km2 overlooked by 24 air fluorescence telescopes. In addition, three high elevation fluorescence telescopes overlook a 23.5 km2, 61-detector infilled array with 750 m spacing. The Observatory has been in successful operation since completion in 2008 and has recorded data from an exposure exceeding 40,000 km2 sr yr. This paper describes the design and performance of the detectors, related subsystems and infrastructure that make up the Observatory.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)172-213
    Number of pages42
    JournalNuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment
    Volume798
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Oct 21 2015

    Fingerprint

    Cosmic rays
    Observatories
    cosmic rays
    observatories
    Telescopes
    Fluorescence
    telescopes
    Detectors
    Particle detectors
    fluorescence
    Argentina
    radiation counters
    detectors
    energetic particles
    plains
    stations
    spacing
    probes
    air
    Air

    Keywords

    • Air fluorescence detectors
    • High energy cosmic rays
    • Hybrid observatory
    • Pierre Auger Observatory
    • Water Cherenkov detectors

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Instrumentation
    • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

    Cite this

    The Pierre Auger Cosmic Ray Observatory. / The Pierre Auger Collaboration Pierre Auger Collaboration.

    In: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 798, 21.10.2015, p. 172-213.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    @article{48830855d0c34b388fd2bf576c87d37b,
    title = "The Pierre Auger Cosmic Ray Observatory",
    abstract = "The Pierre Auger Observatory, located on a vast, high plain in western Argentina, is the world's largest cosmic ray observatory. The objectives of the Observatory are to probe the origin and characteristics of cosmic rays above 1017 eV and to study the interactions of these, the most energetic particles observed in nature. The Auger design features an array of 1660 water Cherenkov particle detector stations spread over 3000 km2 overlooked by 24 air fluorescence telescopes. In addition, three high elevation fluorescence telescopes overlook a 23.5 km2, 61-detector infilled array with 750 m spacing. The Observatory has been in successful operation since completion in 2008 and has recorded data from an exposure exceeding 40,000 km2 sr yr. This paper describes the design and performance of the detectors, related subsystems and infrastructure that make up the Observatory.",
    keywords = "Air fluorescence detectors, High energy cosmic rays, Hybrid observatory, Pierre Auger Observatory, Water Cherenkov detectors",
    author = "{The Pierre Auger Collaboration Pierre Auger Collaboration} and A. Aab and P. Abreu and M. Aglietta and Ahn, {E. J.} and {Al Samarai}, I. and Albert, {J. N.} and Albuquerque, {I. F M} and I. Allekotte and J. Allen and P. Allison and A. Almela and {Alvarez Castillo}, J. and J. Alvarez-Mu{\~n}iz and {Alves Batista}, R. and M. Ambrosio and A. Aminaei and L. Anchordoqui and S. Andringa and C. Aramo and Aranda, {V. M.} and S. Argir{\`o} and K. Arisaka and Francesco Arneodo and F. Arqueros and T. Asch and H. Asorey and P. Assis and J. Aublin and M. Ave and M. Avenier and G. Avila and N. Awal and Badescu, {A. M.} and M. Balzer and Barber, {K. B.} and A. Barbosa and N. Barenthien and J. B{\"a}uml and C. Baus and Beatty, {J. J.} and Becker, {K. H.} and Bellido, {J. A.} and S. BenZvi and C. Berat and T. Bergmann and Bertaina, {M. E.} and Biermann, {P. L.} and R. Bilhaut and P. Billoir and Blaess, {S. G.}",
    year = "2015",
    month = "10",
    day = "21",
    doi = "10.1016/j.nima.2015.06.058",
    language = "English (US)",
    volume = "798",
    pages = "172--213",
    journal = "Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment",
    issn = "0168-9002",
    publisher = "Elsevier",

    }

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - The Pierre Auger Cosmic Ray Observatory

    AU - The Pierre Auger Collaboration Pierre Auger Collaboration

    AU - Aab, A.

    AU - Abreu, P.

    AU - Aglietta, M.

    AU - Ahn, E. J.

    AU - Al Samarai, I.

    AU - Albert, J. N.

    AU - Albuquerque, I. F M

    AU - Allekotte, I.

    AU - Allen, J.

    AU - Allison, P.

    AU - Almela, A.

    AU - Alvarez Castillo, J.

    AU - Alvarez-Muñiz, J.

    AU - Alves Batista, R.

    AU - Ambrosio, M.

    AU - Aminaei, A.

    AU - Anchordoqui, L.

    AU - Andringa, S.

    AU - Aramo, C.

    AU - Aranda, V. M.

    AU - Argirò, S.

    AU - Arisaka, K.

    AU - Arneodo, Francesco

    AU - Arqueros, F.

    AU - Asch, T.

    AU - Asorey, H.

    AU - Assis, P.

    AU - Aublin, J.

    AU - Ave, M.

    AU - Avenier, M.

    AU - Avila, G.

    AU - Awal, N.

    AU - Badescu, A. M.

    AU - Balzer, M.

    AU - Barber, K. B.

    AU - Barbosa, A.

    AU - Barenthien, N.

    AU - Bäuml, J.

    AU - Baus, C.

    AU - Beatty, J. J.

    AU - Becker, K. H.

    AU - Bellido, J. A.

    AU - BenZvi, S.

    AU - Berat, C.

    AU - Bergmann, T.

    AU - Bertaina, M. E.

    AU - Biermann, P. L.

    AU - Bilhaut, R.

    AU - Billoir, P.

    AU - Blaess, S. G.

    PY - 2015/10/21

    Y1 - 2015/10/21

    N2 - The Pierre Auger Observatory, located on a vast, high plain in western Argentina, is the world's largest cosmic ray observatory. The objectives of the Observatory are to probe the origin and characteristics of cosmic rays above 1017 eV and to study the interactions of these, the most energetic particles observed in nature. The Auger design features an array of 1660 water Cherenkov particle detector stations spread over 3000 km2 overlooked by 24 air fluorescence telescopes. In addition, three high elevation fluorescence telescopes overlook a 23.5 km2, 61-detector infilled array with 750 m spacing. The Observatory has been in successful operation since completion in 2008 and has recorded data from an exposure exceeding 40,000 km2 sr yr. This paper describes the design and performance of the detectors, related subsystems and infrastructure that make up the Observatory.

    AB - The Pierre Auger Observatory, located on a vast, high plain in western Argentina, is the world's largest cosmic ray observatory. The objectives of the Observatory are to probe the origin and characteristics of cosmic rays above 1017 eV and to study the interactions of these, the most energetic particles observed in nature. The Auger design features an array of 1660 water Cherenkov particle detector stations spread over 3000 km2 overlooked by 24 air fluorescence telescopes. In addition, three high elevation fluorescence telescopes overlook a 23.5 km2, 61-detector infilled array with 750 m spacing. The Observatory has been in successful operation since completion in 2008 and has recorded data from an exposure exceeding 40,000 km2 sr yr. This paper describes the design and performance of the detectors, related subsystems and infrastructure that make up the Observatory.

    KW - Air fluorescence detectors

    KW - High energy cosmic rays

    KW - Hybrid observatory

    KW - Pierre Auger Observatory

    KW - Water Cherenkov detectors

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84940537475&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84940537475&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    U2 - 10.1016/j.nima.2015.06.058

    DO - 10.1016/j.nima.2015.06.058

    M3 - Article

    VL - 798

    SP - 172

    EP - 213

    JO - Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment

    JF - Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment

    SN - 0168-9002

    ER -