The phylogenetic relationships of the early catarrhine primates

a review of the current evidence

Terry Harrison

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

    Abstract

    This paper presents a review of the evolutionary relationships of the early catarrhine primates. The first stage of the analysis involves the reconstruction of the inferred ancestral morphotypes of the major groups of extant anthropoids. The introduction of the fossil taxa into the phylogenetic scheme represents the second and final stage of the analysis. The results of this cladistic analysis suggests that: (1) the parapithecids are a specialized group of basal anthropoids, (2) Oligopithecus savagei may represent the earliest recognizable catarrhine, (3) Propliopithecus (= Aegvptopithecus) and Pliopithecus apparently represent the successive sister taxa to the modern catarrhines, (4) Dendropithecus and Proconsul are best regarded as basal catarrhines of modern aspect, and (5) Victoriapithecus is a primitive cercopithecoid monkey which represents the siter taxon of the extant Old World monkeys.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)41-80
    Number of pages40
    JournalJournal of Human Evolution
    Volume16
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    StatePublished - 1987

    Fingerprint

    primate
    Primates
    phylogenetics
    Cercopithecidae
    phylogeny
    cladistics
    morphotype
    monkeys
    evidence
    fossils
    fossil
    reconstruction
    Group
    analysis
    Phylogenetics
    Taxon
    Monkey
    Cladistics
    Fossil
    Sister

    Keywords

    • anthropoids
    • catarrhines
    • Dendropithecus
    • Miocene
    • Oligocene
    • Oligopithecus
    • parapithecids
    • phylogenetic relationships
    • Pliopithecus
    • Proconsul
    • Propliopithecus
    • Victoriapithecus

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
    • Education
    • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)

    Cite this

    The phylogenetic relationships of the early catarrhine primates : a review of the current evidence. / Harrison, Terry.

    In: Journal of Human Evolution, Vol. 16, No. 1, 1987, p. 41-80.

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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    abstract = "This paper presents a review of the evolutionary relationships of the early catarrhine primates. The first stage of the analysis involves the reconstruction of the inferred ancestral morphotypes of the major groups of extant anthropoids. The introduction of the fossil taxa into the phylogenetic scheme represents the second and final stage of the analysis. The results of this cladistic analysis suggests that: (1) the parapithecids are a specialized group of basal anthropoids, (2) Oligopithecus savagei may represent the earliest recognizable catarrhine, (3) Propliopithecus (= Aegvptopithecus) and Pliopithecus apparently represent the successive sister taxa to the modern catarrhines, (4) Dendropithecus and Proconsul are best regarded as basal catarrhines of modern aspect, and (5) Victoriapithecus is a primitive cercopithecoid monkey which represents the siter taxon of the extant Old World monkeys.",
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