The macroeconomic effects of government debt in a stochastic growth model

Sydney Ludvigson

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    This paper studies how government liabilities affect macroeconomic aggregates in a standard general equilibrium growth model. There are two principal results: (i) Though it is often thought that fiscal deficits crowd out investment, this paper shows that deficit-financed cuts in distortionary income taxation may stimulate investment even if agents expect future taxes on capital income to be higher. This result is dependent on the values of two key parameters: the elasticity of labor supply and the degree of persistence in the government debt process, (ii) The economy's response to an increase in government expenditure depends on how it is financed. Distortionary tax finance may lead to a decline in output, consumption, and investment. In contrast, deficit finance may increase output and consumption.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)25-45
    Number of pages21
    JournalJournal of Monetary Economics
    Volume38
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Aug 1996

    Fingerprint

    Government debt
    Stochastic growth model
    Macroeconomic impacts
    Finance
    Elasticity
    Government
    Liability
    General equilibrium
    Crowd-out
    Growth model
    Labor supply
    Distortionary taxes
    Tax
    Macroeconomics
    Income taxation
    Government expenditure
    Income
    Fiscal deficit
    Persistence

    Keywords

    • Distortionary tax
    • Fiscal policy
    • Government debt
    • Ricardian equivalence

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Economics and Econometrics
    • Finance

    Cite this

    The macroeconomic effects of government debt in a stochastic growth model. / Ludvigson, Sydney.

    In: Journal of Monetary Economics, Vol. 38, No. 1, 08.1996, p. 25-45.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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