The Integrated Attachment and Sexual Minority Stress Model: Understanding the Role of Adult Attachment in the Health and Well-Being of Sexual Minority Men

Stephanie H. Cook, Benjamin J. Calebs

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Gay and bisexual boys and men experience social stigma associated with their sexual minority status that can negatively influence health. In addition, experiencing sexual orientation stigma may be linked to a decreased capacity to effectively form and maintain secure attachment relationships with parents, peers, and romantic partners across the life-course. We proposed that utilizing a framework that integrates the process by which sexual minority men develop attachment relationships in the context of sexual minority stress can lead to a better understanding of health and well-being among sexual minority boys and men. In addition, we highlight where future research can expand upon the presented model in order to better understand the developmental processes through which attachment and sexual minority stress influences health and health behaviors among sexual minority boys and men.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)164-173
Number of pages10
JournalBehavioral Medicine
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jul 2 2016



  • attachment; gay boys and men; health; sexual minority stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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