The impact of situational factors on personnel decisions concerning women: Varying the sex composition of the applicant pool

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Abstract

One hundred male and female MBA students evaluated a woman applicant for a managerial position when the proportion of women in the applicant pool was varied. Results indicated that personnel decisions of both males and females were significantly more unfavorable when women represented 25% or less of the total pool. Additional findings suggest that this effect was mediated by the degree to which sex stereotypes predominated in forming impressions of applicants. The results were interpreted as supportive of the thesis that situational factors can function to reduce the adverse effects of sex stereotypes in employment settings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)386-395
Number of pages10
JournalOrganizational Behavior and Human Performance
Volume26
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1980

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Students
Situational factors
Personnel
Stereotypes
Proportion

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title = "The impact of situational factors on personnel decisions concerning women: Varying the sex composition of the applicant pool",
abstract = "One hundred male and female MBA students evaluated a woman applicant for a managerial position when the proportion of women in the applicant pool was varied. Results indicated that personnel decisions of both males and females were significantly more unfavorable when women represented 25{\%} or less of the total pool. Additional findings suggest that this effect was mediated by the degree to which sex stereotypes predominated in forming impressions of applicants. The results were interpreted as supportive of the thesis that situational factors can function to reduce the adverse effects of sex stereotypes in employment settings.",
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